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The objective of this study is to compare the glycemic and insulinemic response elicited by ½ cup servings of 6 beans to those elicited by ½ cup servings of mashed potato, macaroni, rice and corn.
In order for a food to be able to claim a reduced glycemic response, it must be shown that a typical serving of the food elicits a significantly lower blood glucose responses compared to a serving of an appropriate control food. While many studies have examined the GI of beans, few studies have compared the glycemic impact of a typical serving of beans to a typical serving of other starchy foods. Therefore, there are insufficient data to allow for a claim that beans have a low glycemic response. In addition, in order to make a claim of a reduced glycemic response, regulatory agencies also require that the insulinemic response to a food is not disproportionately increased.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Impaired Glucose Tolerance
Bean Type, Starchy Foods
Glycemic Index Laboratories, Inc
Guelph Food Research Centre
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-20T20:38:21-0400
HYPOTHESIS: Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) have distinct pathophysiologic etiologies. Therefore, therapeutic interventions designed to correct the spec...
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A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
A pathological state in which BLOOD GLUCOSE level is less than approximately 140 mg/100 ml of PLASMA at fasting, and above approximately 200 mg/100 ml plasma at 30-, 60-, or 90-minute during a GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST. This condition is seen frequently in DIABETES MELLITUS, but also occurs with other diseases and MALNUTRITION.
Diabetes complications in which VENTRICULAR REMODELING in the absence of CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS and hypertension results in cardiac dysfunctions, typically LEFT VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION. The changes also result in myocardial hypertrophy, myocardial necrosis and fibrosis, and collagen deposition due to impaired glucose tolerance.
A glucose transport facilitator that is expressed primarily in PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; LIVER; and KIDNEYS. It may function as a GLUCOSE sensor to regulate INSULIN release and glucose HOMEOSTASIS.
A glucoside-derived SODIUM-GLUCOSE TRANSPORTER 2 inhibitor that stimulates urinary excretion of glucose by suppressing renal glucose reabsorption. It is used to manage BLOOD GLUCOSE levels in patients with TYPE 2 DIABETES.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...