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The main goal of the study is the assessment of duration of major molecular response (MMR) or better at 12 and 36 months after stopping tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) therapy a second time in patients with at least three years prior TKI treatment comprising at least two years of nilotinib treatment within this trial and maintained stable MR4 (BCR-ABL ratio <0,01% on international Scale (IS) for at least one year and MR4.5 (BCR-ABL ratio <0,0032% on IS) for at least 6 months:
- who failed a first stop in the EURO-SKI study (standardized criteria)
- who failed a first stop outside the EURO-SKI study but would have had fulfilled same eligible criteria and were stopped according to EURO-SKI rules
- who failed a first stop outside the EURO-SKI study without fulfilling EURO-SKI rules
The proposal is to re-treat patients with a minimum of two years with nilotinib 2x300 mg/d resulting in total of at least three years TKI treatment who show recurrent disease after unsuccessful first stop after TKI treatment in or outside the EURO-SKI study.
If MR4 or better is re-achieved and maintained for at least one year and MR4.5 or better is re-achieved and maintained for at least 6 months, patients will be eligible for a second stop attempt within this study. For MR4, three consecutive PCRs with MR4 or deeper should be measured within one year and for MR4.5, two PCRs during 6 months should demonstrate a MR4.5.
Patients who exhibited hematological relapse after the first stop attempt will not be eligible for a second stop attempt within this study.
After inclusion, 3 monthly monitoring will be performed under nilotinib treatment within the trial. Patients fulfilling the criteria mentioned above will then enter the screening phase.
After verification of MR4.5, TKI treatment will be stopped and patients followed in the same manner as described in EURO-SKI (monthly PCRs for 6 months, 6-weekly PCRs 7-12 months after stopping, thereafter 3-monthly). If MMR is lost (BCR-ABL >0.1% (IS)), TKI treatment will once again be restarted; here the same TKI (nilotinib) is recommended.
It is assumed that after failure of first stop a switch to treatment with 2GTKI may increase the chance of stopping a second time [Legros et al. Blood 2012; Rea et al. Blood 2014] It is expected that the rate of a successful second stop at 12 and 36 months is more than 25%.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
TKI discontinuation, nilotinib
Universitätsklinikum der RWTH
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-28T23:08:21-0400
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The phase of chronic myeloid leukemia following the chronic phase (LEUKEMIA, MYELOID, CHRONIC-PHASE), where there are increased systemic symptoms, worsening cytopenias, and refractory LEUKOCYTOSIS.
Clonal hematopoetic disorder caused by an acquired genetic defect in PLURIPOTENT STEM CELLS. It starts in MYELOID CELLS of the bone marrow, invades the blood and then other organs. The condition progresses from a stable, more indolent, chronic phase (LEUKEMIA, MYELOID, CHRONIC PHASE) lasting up to 7 years, to an advanced phase composed of an accelerated phase (LEUKEMIA, MYELOID, ACCELERATED PHASE) and BLAST CRISIS.
A myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by myelodysplasia associated with bone marrow and peripheral blood patterns similar to CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, but cytogenetically lacking a PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME or bcr/abl fusion gene (GENES, ABL).
An alkylating agent having a selective immunosuppressive effect on BONE MARROW. It has been used in the palliative treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (MYELOID LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC), but although symptomatic relief is provided, no permanent remission is brought about. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), busulfan is listed as a known carcinogen.
The initial phase of chronic myeloid leukemia consisting of an relatively indolent period lasting from 4 to 7 years. Patients range from asymptomatic to those exhibiting ANEMIA; SPLENOMEGALY; and increased cell turnover. There are 5% or fewer blast cells in the blood and bone marrow in this phase.