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Airway Effects of PEEP During Anesthesia Induction.

2016-10-03 23:37:36 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-03T23:37:36-0400

Clinical Trials [2042 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

OLA to Lowest DP in Cardiac Surgery

This study aims to compared the effects in driving pressure of an open-lung strategy with a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titrated to best driving pressure (DP) after a RM versus...

Helmet Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Support for Severe Bronchiolitis in PICUs

Binary randomized peep level of Helmet CPAP (1-0). The first patient enrolled will be assign to treatment 1 (10 cmH2O peep level), independently from its BSS. The following patients enroll...

Transpulmonary Driving Pressure and Intra-abdominal Pressure Relationship During Laparoscopic Surgery

Objective: The aim of this project is to evaluate how intra-abdominal pressure paired coupled with different ventilatory positive end-expiratory pressure levels affects the transpulmonary ...

Effect PEEP on Diaphragm

This study evaluates the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure on the position, length and function of the diaphragm. During the first part of the study, physiological measurements of...

Individualized Positive End-expiratory Pressure Evaluation Using the Intratidal Compliance-volume Profile in Children

The investigators assess the changes in respiratory compliance according to different levels of positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) in children under general anesthesia. In addition, t...

PubMed Articles [18167 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Determination of optimal positive end-expiratory pressure based on respiratory compliance and electrical impedance tomography: a pilot clinical comparative trial.

There is no agreement on gold standard method for positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) may aid in finding the optimal PEEP level. In this pilot tria...

Delivery of positive end-expiratory pressure to preterm lambs using common resuscitation devices.

In neonatal resuscitation, a ventilation device providing positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is recommended. There is limited information about PEEP delivery in vivo, using different models of se...

Positive end-expiratory pressure during resuscitation at birth in very-low birth weight infants: A randomized-controlled pilot trial.

There is limited evidence of the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during resuscitation soon after birth. Premature neonates may experience respiratory distress from surfactant insuffi...

Airway Management Practice in Adults With an Unstable Cervical Spine: The Harborview Medical Center Experience.

Airway management in the presence of acute cervical spine injury (CSI) is challenging. Because it limits cervical spine motion during tracheal intubation and allows for neurological examination after ...

PEEP Lower Than the ARDS Network Protocol is Associated with Higher Pediatric ARDS Mortality.

The ARDS Network used a Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)/FiO2 model in many studies. In general, pediatric intensivists use less PEEP and higher FiO2 than this model.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)

Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.

The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.

Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.

A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)

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