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Airway Effects of PEEP During Anesthesia Induction.

2016-10-03 23:37:36 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-03T23:37:36-0400

Clinical Trials [2129 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Recruitment Maneuvers Plus Optimal PEEP Versus Optimal PEEP Alone in One Lung Ventilation

The intraoperative driving pressure (∆P) has been recently identified as the greater independent predictor of postoperative pulmonary complications after one lung ventilation (OLV). The ...

OLA to Lowest DP in Cardiac Surgery

This study aims to compared the effects in driving pressure of an open-lung strategy with a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titrated to best driving pressure (DP) after a RM versus...

Helmet Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Support for Severe Bronchiolitis in PICUs

Binary randomized peep level of Helmet CPAP (1-0). The first patient enrolled will be assign to treatment 1 (10 cmH2O peep level), independently from its BSS. The following patients enroll...

Transpulmonary Driving Pressure and Intra-abdominal Pressure Relationship During Laparoscopic Surgery

Objective: The aim of this project is to evaluate how intra-abdominal pressure paired coupled with different ventilatory positive end-expiratory pressure levels affects the transpulmonary ...

Effects of Different Driving Pressure on Lung Stress, Strain and Mechanical Power in Patients With Moderate to Severe ARDS

ARDS is the most common acute respiratory failure in the ICU and the mortality rate is still as high as 40%. Mechanical ventilation(MV) is the major supportive treatment for ARDS, but inap...

PubMed Articles [18100 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Determination of optimal positive end-expiratory pressure based on respiratory compliance and electrical impedance tomography: a pilot clinical comparative trial.

There is no agreement on gold standard method for positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) may aid in finding the optimal PEEP level. In this pilot tria...

Delivery of positive end-expiratory pressure to preterm lambs using common resuscitation devices.

In neonatal resuscitation, a ventilation device providing positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is recommended. There is limited information about PEEP delivery in vivo, using different models of se...

Airway Management Practice in Adults With an Unstable Cervical Spine: The Harborview Medical Center Experience.

Airway management in the presence of acute cervical spine injury (CSI) is challenging. Because it limits cervical spine motion during tracheal intubation and allows for neurological examination after ...

Positive End-expiratory Pressure Alone Minimizes Atelectasis Formation in Nonabdominal Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Various methods for protective ventilation are increasingly being recommended for patients undergoing general anesthesia. However, the importance of each individual component is still unclear. In part...

Difficult Airway Management in Thoracic Anaesthesia.

Difficult airway management in thoracic anesthesia has rarely been addressed in current guidelines. However, difficult airway management may be a challenge in thoracic anaesthesia: Achieving lung sepa...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)

Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.

The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.

Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.

A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)

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