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Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-03T23:37:36-0400
This study aims to compared the effects in driving pressure of an open-lung strategy with a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titrated to best driving pressure (DP) after a RM versus...
Binary randomized peep level of Helmet CPAP (1-0). The first patient enrolled will be assign to treatment 1 (10 cmH2O peep level), independently from its BSS. The following patients enroll...
Objective: The aim of this project is to evaluate how intra-abdominal pressure paired coupled with different ventilatory positive end-expiratory pressure levels affects the transpulmonary ...
This study evaluates the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure on the position, length and function of the diaphragm. During the first part of the study, physiological measurements of...
The investigators assess the changes in respiratory compliance according to different levels of positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) in children under general anesthesia. In addition, t...
There is no agreement on gold standard method for positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) may aid in finding the optimal PEEP level. In this pilot tria...
In neonatal resuscitation, a ventilation device providing positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is recommended. There is limited information about PEEP delivery in vivo, using different models of se...
There is limited evidence of the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during resuscitation soon after birth. Premature neonates may experience respiratory distress from surfactant insuffi...
Airway management in the presence of acute cervical spine injury (CSI) is challenging. Because it limits cervical spine motion during tracheal intubation and allows for neurological examination after ...
The ARDS Network used a Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)/FiO2 model in many studies. In general, pediatric intensivists use less PEEP and higher FiO2 than this model.
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)