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Airway Effects of PEEP During Anesthesia Induction.

2016-10-03 23:37:36 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-03T23:37:36-0400

Clinical Trials [1955 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

OLA to Lowest DP in Cardiac Surgery

This study aims to compared the effects in driving pressure of an open-lung strategy with a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titrated to best driving pressure (DP) after a RM versus...

Helmet Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Support for Severe Bronchiolitis in PICUs

Binary randomized peep level of Helmet CPAP (1-0). The first patient enrolled will be assign to treatment 1 (10 cmH2O peep level), independently from its BSS. The following patients enroll...

Transpulmonary Driving Pressure and Intra-abdominal Pressure Relationship During Laparoscopic Surgery

Objective: The aim of this project is to evaluate how intra-abdominal pressure paired coupled with different ventilatory positive end-expiratory pressure levels affects the transpulmonary ...

A Pilot Study of Synchronized and Non-invasive Ventilation ("NeuroPAP") in Preterm Newborns

There is currently a consensus that non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in preterm infants is preferred over intubation. There are two ways of delivering NIV in preterm infants, nasal continuou...

Arterial Waveform Analysis Applying Different Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) Levels in Healthy Volunteers

Population in study will be selected from students and staff of the University of Pisa. Right carotid artery contour wave analysis will be performed during the application of different PEE...

PubMed Articles [18132 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Ultrasonic monitoring in the assessment of pulmonary recruitment and the best positive end-expiratory pressure.

The aim of this study was to explore the clinical value of ultrasonic monitoring in the assessment of pulmonary recruitment and the best positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP).Between January 2015 an...

Delivery of positive end-expiratory pressure to preterm lambs using common resuscitation devices.

In neonatal resuscitation, a ventilation device providing positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is recommended. There is limited information about PEEP delivery in vivo, using different models of se...

Positive end-expiratory pressure during resuscitation at birth in very-low birth weight infants: A randomized-controlled pilot trial.

There is limited evidence of the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during resuscitation soon after birth. Premature neonates may experience respiratory distress from surfactant insuffi...

An Anesthesiologist's Perspective on the History of Basic Airway Management: The "Progressive" Era, 1904 to 1960.

This third installment of the history of basic airway management discusses the transitional-"progressive"-years of anesthesia from 1904 to 1960. During these 56 yr, airway management was provided prim...

Effect of Lung Recruitment and Titrated Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) vs Low PEEP on Mortality in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

The effects of recruitment maneuvers and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration on clinical outcomes in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remain uncertain.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)

Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.

The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.

Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.

A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)

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