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Management of Uncontrolled Hypertension (HTN)

2016-10-03 23:38:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In this study, investigators will compare chronotherapy to ABPM. Data collected will include hypertension drug therapy regimen prior to and during the study, timing of medication administration, and dose, along with the patient's office blood pressure values prior to study and one month after modification in therapy. This will enable us to explore whether it is a practical endeavor to implement ABPM as a routine process for all uncontrolled hypertension patients or whether ABPM does not seem to provide considerable value over shifting the timing of drug administration.

Description

Investigators propose to conduct a pilot study to determine whether the incorporation of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) as routine procedure in clinic for uncontrolled hypertension influences how anti-hypertensive drug therapy is modified or if simply shifting the dosing of anti-hypertensive medications to night time achieves similar results. Investigators will enroll 20 participants with uncontrolled hypertension, who are prescribed 3 anti-hypertensive medications at maximum dose. All twenty patients will undergo 24-hour blood pressure monitoring with ABPM at baseline and one month after change in therapy has been initiated; ten of the patients will be randomized to receive a shift in dosing schedule of anti-hypertensive medication to night-time without utilizing their ABPM results while the remaining ten will receive modifications in therapy based on their ABPM results and dipping status. The results of this study will assist in assessing the feasibility and benefits of the incorporation of ABPM into the routine management of hypertension.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Hypertension

Intervention

Ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM), Chronotherapy

Location

University of Florida
Gainesville
Florida
United States
32610

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Florida

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-03T23:38:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.

Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.

A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.

Phenomenon where increased BLOOD PRESSURE readings taken in non-clinical settings (e.g., HOME BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING) do not replicate in clinical settings.

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