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Muscular Dystrophy can affect the skeletal muscles and also the heart and breathing muscles, causing significant morbidity and mortality. As patients are now living longer, treatment of muscular dystrophies involves drugs that help improve heart function. However, better types of heart imaging studies are needed to understand how these treatments work. Researchers want to improve heart imaging to identify earlier indicators of heart dysfunction in muscular dystrophy patients and how these are changed by medical treatment. The new imaging indicators will also help identify candidates for entry into future clinical trials.
Cardiomyopathy causes significant morbidity and mortality in multiple forms of muscular dystrophy affecting children, including Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) and subtypes of autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2). Pharmaceutical treatments for the cardiomyopathy of muscular dystrophy, including angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition and beta-adrenergic receptor blockade, afford significant benefit and demonstrate cardiac remodeling in clinical studies. Further studies are needed to identify and characterize more sensitive indicators of cardiac dysfunction in muscular dystrophy subjects to better stratify subjects for entry into clinical protocols.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Children's National Health System
District of Columbia
Children's Research Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-03T23:38:21-0400
The muscular dystrophies (MD) are a group of more than 30 neuromuscular disorders that are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins and the death o...
Muscular dystrophies are neuromuscular disorders with disability. Restrictive pulmonary failure and cardiomyopathy affect prognosis.The investigators aim to establish predictive factors fo...
Muscular dystrophies are inherited disorders that affect skeletal muscle. Cardiac and respiratory function may be affected in this group of diseases. The investigators sought to analyze ...
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and biological activity of ATYR1940 in patients with Limb Girdle (LGMD2B) or Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (FSHD).
Limb girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) are a very heterogeneous group of muscle disorders characterized by muscle weakness and atrophy of the proximal muscles of the shoulder and pelvic g...
Muscle and bone are intrinsically linked, and therefore, it is not surprising that many muscular dystrophies are associated with impaired bone health and increased risk of osteoporosis. Osteoporotic f...
For 10 years, the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking, and Research Network (MD STARnet) conducted surveillance for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DBMD). We piloted expanding surveillan...
To evaluate the potential bone defect in neuromuscular diseases, we conducted a longitudinal study including three groups of patients: 14 Duchenne muscular dystrophies (DMD) and 2 limb-girdle muscular...
Skeletal muscle function relies on the myofibrillar apparatus inside myofibers as well as an intact extracellular matrix surrounding each myofiber. Muscle extracellular matrix (ECM) plays several role...
Muscular dystrophies (MD) are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of skeletal muscle-wasting diseases with progressive muscle weakness and atrophy, while disease severity depends on the s...
A heterogenous group of inherited muscular dystrophy that can be autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. There are many forms (called LGMDs) involving genes encoding muscle membrane proteins such as the sarcoglycan (SARCOGLYCANS) complex that interacts with DYSTROPHIN. The disease is characterized by progressing wasting and weakness of the proximal muscles of arms and legs around the HIPS and SHOULDERS (the pelvic and shoulder girdles).
Deficiencies or mutations in the genes for the SARCOGLYCAN COMPLEX subunits. A variety of phenotypes are associated with these mutations including a subgroup of autosomal recessive limb girdle muscular dystrophies, cardiomyopathies, and respiratory deficiency.
A heterogeneous group of inherited MYOPATHIES, characterized by wasting and weakness of the SKELETAL MUSCLE. They are categorized by the sites of MUSCLE WEAKNESS; AGE OF ONSET; and INHERITANCE PATTERNS.
A membrane protein that contains multiple C2 DOMAINS. It is highly expressed in skeletal muscle and functions as a calcium ion sensor in SYNAPTIC VESICLE-PLASMA MEMBRANE fusion, as well as in SARCOLEMMA repair following mechanical stress. Mutations in the dysferlin (DYSF) gene are associated with several hereditary MUSCULAR DYSTROPHIES.
A group of disorders marked by progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord resulting in weakness and muscular atrophy, usually without evidence of injury to the corticospinal tracts. Diseases in this category include Werdnig-Hoffmann disease and later onset SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHIES OF CHILDHOOD, most of which are hereditary. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)
Muscular dystrophy is a group of degenerative inherited disorders causing muscle weakness and loss of muscle tissue. The different types are Becker muscular dystrophy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, Facioscapulohumeral mu...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...