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The investigators propose to determine if 8 weeks of dietary augmentation with oral 5g creatine monohydrate daily and 100 mg of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) twice daily reduces hypoxia-related depressive symptoms measured by the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) in women with SSRI- or SNRI-resistant depression, combined with the examination of changes in functional connectivity based on resting-state fMRI and changes in brain metabolism inferred from phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Serotonin and creatine are processed separately in the brain, and deficits in these brain biochemicals lead to distinct clinical problems. Therefore, investigators believe that treatment with a combination therapy, which could correct both deficits, would have a synergistic effect in the treatment of hypoxia-related depression and possibly other forms of treatment-resistant depression. Thus, investigators propose to investigate antidepressant efficacy of dietary 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) and creatine, as a means to restore the brain neurotransmitter and metabolic imbalances linked to chronic hypoxia caused by high altitude residence.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Major Depressive Disorder
5-hydroxytryptophan and Creatine, Placebo control
Not yet recruiting
University of Utah
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-05T00:23:22-0400
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A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has been shown to be effective in patients with major depressive disorders and other subsets of depressive disorders. It is generally more useful in depressive disorders associated with insomnia and anxiety. This drug does not aggravate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p309)
Inability to experience pleasure due to impairment or dysfunction of normal psychological and neurobiological mechanisms. It is a symptom of many PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS (e.g., DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, MAJOR; and SCHIZOPHRENIA).
An amino acid that occurs in vertebrate tissues and in urine. In muscle tissue, creatine generally occurs as phosphocreatine. Creatine is excreted as CREATININE in the urine.
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Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs
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