Music Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder Residual Symptoms

2016-10-06 00:38:21 | BioPortfolio


Residual Symptoms of Depression (SRD) are those symptoms that persist despite remission of MDD. They are characterized by a high incidence (approx. 90% of patients in remission) at the psychiatric clinic, have become a growing problem. Its presence is associated with a high probability of relapse / recurrence and disability, as determined by decreased performance and low quality of life. Their neglect has generated an increase in clinical and socioeconomic costs, alerting the need for research to provide treatment strategies. The application of different types of psychotherapy has been successful in abating SRD. The present study aims to evaluate the clinical changes related to the application of music therapy as a treatment of SRD, through a randomized controlled trial with two treatment arms trial. Music Therapy (MT) is a psychotherapy provided by specialized health professionals, and is defined as the clinical use of musical evidence-based interventions within a therapeutic relationship. MT treatment group will design an application schema of 8 sessions (2 hrs. Each) over a period of two months (one session per week). The control group will receive the Usual Treatment (TU) which corresponds to the usual clinical psychiatric treatment by the physician in the INPRF, with the same duration. The evaluation will be conducted with clinimetric testing at baseline, at the end of the track and after three months of treatment. This study seeks to identify the presence of SRD in a Mexican sample and explore a treatment designed for that purpose, also, show that the MT is a cost-effective implementation can become a new clinical option to extend the possibilities of assistance and deepen the investigation of this problem.



To evaluate the clinical changes related to the application of music therapy as a treatment for Residual Symptoms of Depression.


1. Compare the pre and post treatment of residual symptoms by the HAM-D-21, BDI, SCL-90-R and CIDRS levels.

2. Compare the change of pre and post treatment obtained by the instruments for quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), functioning (GAF and PSP) and perceived stress (PSS) values.


Design - A randomized controlled trial with two treatment arms: the experimental group Music Therapy (MT); and control group Usual (TU) treatment. MT treatment group will design and will be completed in a period of two months, with an outline of 8 sessions (one per week). The TU corresponds to the usual clinical psychiatric treatment (drug) assigned by the attending physician in the INPRF.

POPULATION - patients attending the outpatient department of the National Institute of Psychiatry "Ramon de la Fuente" between 20 and 45, considered in remission of major depressive disorder (MDD) (DSM-IV) score ≤7 be included points on the Hamilton Depression Scale of (HAM-D-21) and / or ≤9 points in the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), which have had a positive response to drug treatment and / or remain with pharmacotherapy phase continuation or maintenance, and there report or detection of persistent residual symptoms.

In this research, both participants in the control group and the experimental group, remain drug therapy throughout the study according to the instructions of the attending physician, so the period and type of administration shall be the sole decision of the same. In any case this protocol assessments will be conducted as planned. In the case of any change in drug therapy researchers take note of it for consideration in the final results.

SAMPLE SIZE - According to calculations made, the sample size is 48 patients. With an allocation of 24 patients in each treatment (MT and UT). It is considered to recruit an approximate previous historical studies in SRD sample (Fava et al., 1996; Fava et al., 1998).

To calculate the sample size formula for "comparison of two proportions" (Fernández, 2001), which was used as follows:


n = subjects required in each of the samples

Za = Z value corresponding to the desired risk

Zb = Z value corresponding to the desired risk

p1 = Value of the proportion in the control group, placebo control or usual treatment.

p2 = Value of the proportion in the group of the new treatment, intervention or technique.

p = average of the two proportions p1 and p2

The following data were considered:

- a confidence level of 95% or safety was established.

- A power of 80%.

- the effectiveness of standard treatment in preventing relapse (Fava et al was set at 32%., 1996; Paykel et al., 1999; Fava et al., 1998; Teasdale et al., 2000; Ma & Teasdale, 2004).

- was set at 70% of the desired effectiveness for MT in preventing relapse, considering the performance of psychotherapies reported (Fava et al., 1996; Paykel et al., 1999; Fava et al., 1998; Teasdale et al, 2000; Ma. & Teasdale, 2004).

This accounted for 15% of subjects the possible loss of the sample according to the following formula:

Losses set to n = (1/1-R) shows

n = number of subjects lossless

R = expected loss ratio

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment


Major Depressive Disorder


Music therapy, Usual Treatment


Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatria Ramon de la Fuente Muñiz
Mexico City




Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Dr. Ramón de la Fuente

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-06T00:38:21-0400

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The use of music as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.

A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.

An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.

Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.

A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has been shown to be effective in patients with major depressive disorders and other subsets of depressive disorders. It is generally more useful in depressive disorders associated with insomnia and anxiety. This drug does not aggravate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p309)

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