Effect of Aflibercept (Eylea®) in the Management of Bevacizumab (Avastin®) Resistant Diabetic Macular Edema

2016-10-06 00:38:22 | BioPortfolio


Multicenter randomized trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents for the treatment of diabetic macular edema. The results are generally good in the short term, with approximately 75% of patients maintaining or improving vision after initiation of treatment. Despite this favorable outcome, the observation of persistent fluid is not infrequent during treatment, even in patients undergoing monthly treatment sessions. Persistent fluid was observed on optical coherence tomography (OCT) in 70.9% of patients receiving bevacizumab monthly and in 79% of those receiving bevacizumab as needed at the end of the first year in the Comparison of diabetic macular edema. Treatment Trials. It is possible that resolution of this fluid, especially when it is centrally located (i.e., foveal), might result in better visual outcomes.

A drug with higher VEGF-binding affinity may help patients with persistent fluid despite treatment with bevacizumab. Aflibercept is a new intravitreal VEGF antagonist approved on 28 November 2014 by the Health Canada for the treatment of diabetic macular edema.

In contrast to the antibody-based VEGF binding strategy used by bevacizumab, aflibercept incorporates the second binding domain of the VEGFR-1 receptor and the third domain of the VEGFR-2 receptor. By fusing these extracellular protein sequences to the Fc segment of a human IgG backbone, developers have created a chimeric protein with a very high VEGF binding affinity. Aflibercept binds all isomers of the VEGF-A family like bevacizumab, but it also binds VEGF-B and placental growth factors 1 and 2,1,2 which have been both implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy and of age-related macular degeneration. In addition, because of the increased trough binding activity and the stronger binding affinity, aflibercept should be efficacious in neutralizing VEGF more effectively and for longer duration.


1. Purpose: To evaluate the visual acuity outcomes and macular changes at 6 and 12 months of intravitreal aflibercept (2.0 mg) in eyes with persistent center involved diabetic macular edema despite intravitreal bevacizumab therapy.

2. Overall Goal of Study: The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of aflibercept on macular edema in patients with diabetic macular edema resistant to bevacizumab.

3. Specific objectives: To evaluate the visual acuity outcomes and macular changes after 6 and 12 months of intravitreal aflibercept (2.0 mg) in eyes with persistent foveal fluid secondary to diabetic macular edema despite previous optimum gold standard therapy with intravitreal bevacizumab. More specifically, to assess:

- Mean change in central subfield thickness (CST) from baseline, 6 month after switching to aflibercept.

- Mean change in CST from baseline, 12 months after switching to aflibercept.

- Mean change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline, 6 months after switching to aflibercept.

- Mean change in BCVA from baseline, 12 months after switching to aflibercept

4. Study Design: Phase 4 open label clinical trial. Intravitreal injection of 0.05 mL (2mg) of aflibercept will be injected. The intravitreal between the first 5 treatments sessions is 4 weeks, and the intravitreal for the following treatment sessions up to week 52 is 8 weeks.

5. Subjects: 40 patients seen in the retinal clinic of the Hospital Maisonneuve-Rosemont with foveal fluid secondary to diabetic macular edema despite previous optimum gold standard therapy with intravitreal bevacizumab will be assessed for eligibility.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment


Diabetic Macular Edema


Aflibercept Injection


Maisonneuve Rosemont Hospital


Not yet recruiting


Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-06T00:38:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Fluid accumulation in the outer layer of the MACULA LUTEA that results from intraocular or systemic insults. It may develop in a diffuse pattern where the macula appears thickened or it may acquire the characteristic petaloid appearance referred to as cystoid macular edema. Although macular edema may be associated with various underlying conditions, it is most commonly seen following intraocular surgery, venous occlusive disease, DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, and posterior segment inflammatory disease. (From Survey of Ophthalmology 2004; 49(5) 470-90)

Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.

A form of MACULAR DEGENERATION also known as dry macular degeneration marked by occurrence of a well-defined progressive lesion or atrophy in the central part of the RETINA called the MACULA LUTEA. It is distinguishable from WET MACULAR DEGENERATION in that the latter involves neovascular exudates.

Disease of the RETINA as a complication of DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the progressive microvascular complications, such as ANEURYSM, interretinal EDEMA, and intraocular PATHOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.

Vision considered to be inferior to normal vision as represented by accepted standards of acuity, field of vision, or motility. Low vision generally refers to visual disorders that are caused by diseases that cannot be corrected by refraction (e.g., MACULAR DEGENERATION; RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, etc.).

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Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...

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