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To determine the impact of an electronic decision support tool on physician decision making and patient outcomes for the treatment of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Primary endpoint will measure change in hemoglobin A1c. Secondary endpoints will examine cost of therapy and patient satisfaction with therapy. Study hypothesis is that use of the PATH decision tool will produce greater reduction overall in measurements of hemoglobin A1c in patients who participate and follow the PATH decision tool than patients who elect not to follow the PATH decision tool. PATH decision tool will provide more cost effective solutions for management of diabetic medication than current methods.
1. Patients of selected St. Elizabeth Physicians Primary Care Physicians without a new intervention related to the management of the patient's diabetes in the last 3 months will be contacted via telephone. Patients will be drawn from a list of poorly controlled patients fitting the study criteria as generated from the St. Elizabeth Physicians diabetes registry.
2. During the telephone call, patients will be offered the opportunity to manage their diabetic medication by following the PATH decision tool. PATH is a computer program which finds a balance between low cost and high effectiveness. If participation is elected, informed consent will be mailed with a follow up phone call from certified staff.
i) If a patient elects not to participate, the reason for not participating will be recorded in the screening log. As part of the standard of care, patients not selecting the study will be offered an appointment outside the study to address their poorly controlled diabetes.
ii) If a patient elects to participate and a hemoglobin A1c has not been drawn in the last 3 months, one will be ordered through their insurance as part of the standard of care.
3. Patients who agree will be contacted by telephone by a licensed provider (MD or ARNP) who will enter non identifiable data from the patient's chart into the PATH decision support software. Information will be gathered from the Epic EHR and the questionnaire found on Article #1.
i) Study specific items will be recorded as illustrated in Article #4 ii) Time spent populating the data will be recorded, as part of the secondary analysis.
4. Patient and provider will discuss options on the telephone and further customize options and discuss regimen selections including risks and benefits with an appropriate regimen selected and recorded by the provider for score and content i) Regimen selected will be classified by "partial recommendation, full recommendation, alternate recommendation, or "no action" in relation to the options presented by the PATH program. --> final score of the course of action will be calculated and recorded.
1. Full recommendation: the regimen selected is the exact regimen shown in PATH, with no additions or deletions.
2. Subset recommendation: the regimen selected is a subset of a regimen shown in PATH (i.e., with one or more deletions), with no additions.
1. Example: PATH recommends the regimen (A, B, C, D)
2. Valid subset regimens would include (A, B, C), (B, C, D), (A, B), and (A), among others.
3. Superset recommendation: the regimen selected contains all of the elements of one regiment recommended by PATH, plus at least one other therapy.
1. Example: PATH recommends the regimen (A, B, C)
2. A valid superset recommendation would be (A, B, C, Exercise).
4. Alternate recommendation: Any other combination of additions and deletions from a PATH recommended regimen.
5. No action: No regimen was selected.
5. Manufacturer Discount coupons will be offered and mailed if applicable. i) Mailed coupons will be documented in the participant's study chart.
6. Patient will be offered immediate "in person" follow up (traditional visit) to review the changes. As this is appropriate to the treatment of diabetes, traditional CPT billing will be used and the in-person visit will be billed to insurance as part of standard of care.
i) Patient's choice to participate in a traditional office visit will be recorded in the participant's study chart.
7. Follow up visit or phone call will be scheduled at 3 months (+/- 15 days) with repeat hemoglobin A1c, following the standard of care for the treatment of diabetes. During this visit, diabetes evaluation will follow the standard of care including adherence, efficacy, and adverse events. Adverse events will be categorized through the "drug intolerance" and "comorbidities" section of the PATH software. See Article 5 i) Type of follow up will be recorded ("phone follow up, live follow up, no follow up"). Reason for no follow up will also be documented.
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
PATH electronic decision support tool
St. Elizabeth Healthcare
St Elizabeth Healthcare
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-06T00:38:23-0400
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