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The purpose of this study is to evaluate formally the short term impacts of the tax policy applied to Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (SSBs) in Chile. The Impuesto Adicional a las Bebidas Analcohólicas (IABA, or "additional tax on soft drinks") in Chile was enacted in October 2014, affecting any non-alcoholic beverages to which colorants, flavourings or sweeteners have been added. For beverages above an added sugar concentration of at least 6.25 grams per 100ml (or equivalent proportion), the tax was increased from 13% to 18%, while for those below this threshold the tax was decreased to 10%, producing an 8% tax difference between these beverage groups. This impact evaluation analysis of the Chilean sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax will estimate the impact of increasing the tax as well as decreasing the tax on soft drinks. The study will use household level grocery purchasing data for Chile. The purchasing records are available from October 2011 to September 2015 (three years before; and one year after the implementation of the tax in October 2014). The investigators will use a series of quasi-experimental approaches to evaluate the causal impact of the SSB tax policy on consumers' behaviour as well as on industry responses in the form of pricing and price promotion decisions.
Time Perspective: Retrospective
University of York
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-07T00:08:23-0400
Protein energy wasting is an independent factor associated with morbi-mortality in chronic kidney disease. Wasting is particularly common in chronic diseases of organs such as kidney disea...
The purpose of this study is to learn more about how the kidneys control the blood levels of phosphorus in patients with early chronic kidney disease. The ultimate goal is to use this inf...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic condition involving an impairment in functionality and in the execution of activities of daily life. The hypothesis of this study ...
The Internet Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (ICDSMP) is a pilot study of our existing, previous approved, Chronic Disease Self-Management Program Online. The online programme will...
Anticalins® are engineered human proteins that are able to bind specific target molecules. The Anticalin PRS-080#022-DP to be investigated in this study is directed against hepcidin and i...
The household is a potentially important but understudied unit of analysis and intervention in chronic disease research. We sought to estimate the association between living with someone with a chroni...
Chronic disease studies have omitted analyses of the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) population, relied on small samples of AI/ANs, or focused on a single disease among AI/ANs. We measured the i...
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), mainly including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is a chronic non-specific intestinal disease. The chronic, protracted course of IBD severely affect...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is especially prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Nurses in primary care organizations play a central role for patients with chronic disease. Lack of clarity in role description may be associated with underutilization of nurse competencies that could...
A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (prion disease) of DEER and elk characterized by chronic weight loss leading to death. It is thought to spread by direct contact between animals or through environmental contamination with the prion protein (PRIONS).
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
Chronic inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is associated with the amount of DENTAL PLAQUE or DENTAL CALCULUS present. Chronic periodontitis occurs mostly in adults and was called adult periodontitis, but this disease can appear in young people.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...