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Study of Platelet Function After Administration of Aspirin Versus Lysine Acetylsalicylate in STEMI Patients

2016-10-12 01:38:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Prasugrel and ticagrelor, new P2Y12-ADP receptor antagonists, are associated with greater pharmacodynamic inhibition and reduction of cardiovascular events in patients with an acute coronary syndrome. However, evidence is lacked about the effects of achieving faster and stronger cyclooxygenase inhibition with intravenous lysine acetylsalicylate (LA) compared to oral aspirin on prasugrel inhibited platelets. Recently, we demonstrated in healthy volunteers that the administration of intravenous LA resulted in a significantly reduction of platelet reactivity compared to oral aspirin on prasugrel inhibited platelets. Loading dose of LA achieves platelet inhibition faster, greater and with less variability than aspirin. However, there are no data of this issue in patients with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The ECCLIPSE-STEMI trial will study the effect of LA versus aspirin in platelet reactivity in patients with STEMI

Description

This is a prospective, randomized, single-center, open platelet function study conducted in 60 STEMI patients. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive a loading dose (LD) of intravenous LA 450mg plus oral prasugrel 60mg/ticagrelor 180mg, or LD of aspirin 300mg plus prasugrel 60mg/ticagrelor 180mg orally. Platelet function was evaluated at baseline, 30 min, 1h, 4h, and 24h using multiple electrode aggregometry and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation (VASP). The primary endpoint of the study is the inhibition of platelet aggregation after arachidonic acid (AA) 1.5mM at 30 min. Secondary endopoints are the inhibition of platelet aggregation after AA baseline and at 1h, 4h and 24h, and measurement of aggregation with other platelet test (ADP, collagen and VASP).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Acute Myocardial Infarction

Intervention

Lysine Acetilsalicilate, Aspirin

Location

Fundacion
Madrid
Spain
28040

Status

Recruiting

Source

Fundacion Investigacion Interhospitalaria Cardiovascular

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-12T01:38:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.

A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).

A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).

An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode but that does not usually result in MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

An acylated inactive complex of streptokinase and human lysine-plasminogen. After injection, the acyl group is slowly hydrolyzed, producing an activator that converts plasminogen to plasmin, thereby initiating fibrinolysis. Its half-life is about 90 minutes compared to 5 minutes for TPA; (TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR); 16 minutes for UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR and 23 minutes for STREPTOKINASE. If treatment is initiated within 3 hours of onset of symptoms for acute myocardial infarction, the drug preserves myocardial tissue and left ventricular function and increases coronary artery patency. Bleeding complications are similar to other thrombolytic agents.

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