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The primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), formerly known as primary biliary cirrhosis, treatment is based in the use of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) at a daily dose of 13 to 15 mg/kg, without other treatment options. Patients with good or complete response to UDCA have more liver transplant-free survival and delay histologic progression compared to patients with partial or no response. Nowadays there is an estimated partial response to UDCA in approximately 30 to 50% of patients with PBC. There is a need for new second line management strategies for patients without a biochemical response to UDCA.
The addition of bezafibrate to the treatment of PBC patients with partial biochemical response to UDCA, will increase the biochemical response and improve the long term prognosis? And if so, which are the efficacy and security of bezafibrate in PBC patients without biochemical response?
There are case reports and pilot studies in patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) In the literature in which the effect of fibrates (specially bezafibrate) on the improvement of biochemical cholestasis have been seen, however the clinical benefit (survival, mortality, fatigue, pruritus) has not been reported and likewise the response criteria used in previous studies is very heterogeneous. In previous studies, bezafibrate has been proved to be a secure drug in this patients, with few adverse events, also it is an economic and of easy access drug. For all this the investigators intent to study the utility of bezafibrate as an additional treatment in PBC patients without response to UDCA.
This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study designed to enroll a total of 34 patients with diagnosis of PBC without a complete response to the use of UDCA for more than a year, then the participants will be divided by randomization to receive bezafibrate or placebo, resulting in a total of two groups of 17 patients each. Both groups will be followed every 3 months for a total of 1 year with clinical and laboratory follow-up to determine the efficacy and security of the treatment. The investigators will measure all the laboratory variables related to the disease and possible adverse effects of the use of fibrates (creatine kinase, transaminases, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase), also the investigators will measure the quality of life variables (pruritus severity, Short Form [SF]-36 questionnaire), and determine the fibrosis stage at the beginning and end of the study by non-invasive methods (transient elastography).
The study is directed to patients with PBC diagnosis who have had management with standard UDCA dose (13 to 15 mg/kg per day) for at least 6 months and had not reached complete biochemical response, defined by Paris II criteria. The dose of fibrate to use will be bezafibrate 200 mg every 12 hours or placebo every 12 hours for 12 months, both having the exact characteristics to avoid their recognition. Patients will continue the administration of UDCA at the same dose at enrollment. The intervention will be for a period of 12 months, with a follow-up every 3 months completing 5 medical follow-up visits (0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months).
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
Bezafibrate, Ursodeoxycholic Acid, Placebo (for Bezafibrate)
Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran
Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-19T02:38:21-0400
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FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
Antilipemic agent that lowers cholesterol and triglycerides. It decreases low density lipoproteins and increases high density lipoproteins.
Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.
Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
An epimer of chenodeoxycholic acid. It is a mammalian bile acid found first in the bear and is apparently either a precursor or a product of chenodeoxycholate. Its administration changes the composition of bile and may dissolve gallstones. It is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.
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