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Respiratory Care in Intensive Care Unit for Neuromuscular Patients

2016-10-19 02:38:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Retrospective multicentric observational study exploring the population of adult neuromuscular patients presenting a respiratory distress requiring their admission in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for ventilatory support.

Research of markers associated with long term mortality and ventilatory status.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Retrospective

Conditions

Respiratory Failure

Intervention

Ventilatory support

Location

CHU Clermont Ferrand
Clermont Ferrand
France

Status

Recruiting

Source

Hospices Civils de Lyon

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-19T02:38:21-0400

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PubMed Articles [10409 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system. It includes the therapeutic use of medical gases and their administrative apparatus, environmental control systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilatory support, bronchopulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways.

Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.

Respiratory support system used primarily with rates of about 100 to 200/min with volumes of from about one to three times predicted anatomic dead space. Used to treat respiratory failure and maintain ventilation under severe circumstances.

Application of a life support system that circulates the blood through an oxygenating system, which may consist of a pump, a membrane oxygenator, and a heat exchanger. Examples of its use are to assist victims of smoke inhalation injury, respiratory failure, and cardiac failure.

Biological actions and events that support the functions of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.

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