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This research will be achieved by the assessment of p75NTR-ECD expression (total and linked to different species of Aβ (Aβ1-40 and Aβ-1-42)) within the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with AD dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to AD, frontotemporal dementia and non-neurodegenerative dementia.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a dementia which is clinically characterized by cognitive impairments with early memory loss and neuropathologically by two main lesions, amyloid deposits and tau protein accumulation. Presently, early diagnosis of AD relies on clinical symptoms, imaging techniques with recently introduced radio-tracers and analysis of cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers. All these tools are efficient when patients are already symptomatic and it is presently known that the lesions that might be reversible appear early in the time life of patients, several decades before the onset of clinical signs. To find a biomarker which would be detected early and tested in peripheral fluids is our challenge. According to updated physiopathology of the disease and referring to previous work on sphingolipid pathway in AD, precedent study focused attention on an original protein, p75NTR and particularly its extracellular domain (ECD). This protein is involved in the physiopathology of AD in several ways (apoptosis, survival). P75NTR-ECD interacts with Aβ, increases its solubility and accelerates its clearance.
The hypothesis of the present study is that p75NTR-ECD could be expressed differentially according to the category and stage of dementia. More precisely, this new biomarker could help for the diagnosis of AD and could also be used as an early marker of AD when tested in peripheral fluid.
Time Perspective: Retrospective
University Hospital of Toulouse
University Hospital, Toulouse
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-28T05:53:22-0400
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Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through a hole through the skull bone most commonly draining from the nose (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA) or the ear (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA).
Tubes inserted to create communication between a cerebral ventricle and the internal jugular vein. Their emplacement permits draining of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus or other condition leading to fluid accumulation in the ventricles.
Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Common etiologies include trauma, neoplasms, and prior surgery, although the condition may occur spontaneously. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997 Apr;116(4):442-9)
Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister's Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)
Manometric pressure of the CEREBROSPINAL FLUID as measured by lumbar, cerebroventricular, or cisternal puncture. Within the cranial cavity it is called INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE.
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