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In this study, the investigators will assess the efficacy and tolerability of a novel, initial triple combination therapy with metformin, saxaglipitin, and dapagliflozin, compared to conventional stepwise add-on therapy in drug-naïve patients with recently onset type 2 diabetes.
ADA/EASD guideline recommends sequential treatment approach starting with metformin, and adding other classes of anti-diabetic medications if target HbA1c is not achieved. However, several clinical studies clearly showed that initial dual or triple combination therapy was more favorable in terms of glycemic control.
A DPP-4 inhibitor saxagliptin increases serum level of GLP-1, and potentiates its action of increasing glucose-dependent insulin secretion and lowering glucagon secretion. A SGLT-2 inhibitor dapagliflozin lowers hyperglycemia via blocking SGLT-2 to increase glucosuria, that is, in an insulin-independent manner. Therefore, the mechanism of action of these drugs are complimentary to that of metformin, and all of these have a low risk of hypoglycemia and weight gain.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Diabetes Mellitus, Type II
triple combination therapy, Stepwise add-on therapy
Korea University Anam Hospital
Korea, Republic of
Not yet recruiting
Korea University Anam Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-28T05:53:22-0400
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A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
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Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
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