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The purpose of the study is to examine the feasibility of the program and data collection protocol to plan a multisite clinical trial. The program, "Stroll Safe", an outdoor fall prevention program, will take place in the lab space of the New York University occupational therapy department and in the surrounding neighborhood.
Twenty-four people who meet the inclusion criteria will be enrolled after informed consent. Recruitment will include follow up with people who expressed interest in the fall prevention program during a survey study conducted by the PI, and interested members of community-based programs for seniors who have agreed to be community partners for this study. Twelve participants will be assigned to the 7-week program and 12 will receive written information on outdoor fall prevention (control group).
The topics addressed in the once a week, 7-week outdoor falls prevention program, for which a treatment manual has been developed, are based on the results of a survey conducted of community dwelling older adults that identified gaps in knowledge and use of prevention strategies, and the related literature. The program includes pre-set modules, however, participants will be able to voice individual concerns and problem-solve solutions during group discussions. Using an ecological perspective, the Health Belief Model, and problem solving theory as a guide, the intervention will include a didactic component, group problem solving, practical application of strategies, and self-advocacy regarding reporting problems to the city.
Analysis will primarily focus on process measures.Post-intervention, semi-structures interviews will be conducted and analyzed to assess strengths/limitations of the program and participant's attribution of any behavioral changes to the intervention. Although statistical significant is not anticipated in this small feasibility study, repeated measures ANOVA will be used to examine changes in Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), Outdoor Falls Questionnaire (OFQ) and Falls Behavioral Scale for the Older Person (FaB) scores from pre to post-test for the treatment and control groups. Effect sizes (Cohen's d) will also be calculated. Change in number of stumbles, trips, slips, and falls before and after the program will also be analyzed.
Data will be collected on falls self-efficacy and strategy use at study enrollment (Baseline), after completion of the 7 week program (1st Post-test), and at 2 months post-program completion (2nd Post-test). Participants will be asked to keep daily diaries of stumbles, trips, slips, and falls from the time they enroll in the study until two months following the completion of the program.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Stroll Safe outdoor fall prevention program, Outdoor fall prevention brochure
New York University
Not yet recruiting
New York University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-28T05:53:22-0400
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