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the investigators general goal is to identify approaches to risk stratification and health promotion through lifestyle modification that are acceptable, effective and efficient for prevention of T2D in South Asian communities from diverse settings.
The specific aims of the proposed iHealth-T2D study are:
1. Determine whether intensive lifestyle modification vs usual care reduces risk of T2D (primary endpoint) amongst South Asians with i. central obesity; ii. prediabetes and iii. overall (with central obesity and / or obesity).
2. Investigate secondary endpoints, including health gains in family members. Identify social, demographic and environmental factors influencing primary and secondary endpoints.
3. Carry out a health economic analysis of lifestyle modifications vs usual care for prevention of T2D on the Indian subcontinent and Europe. Quantify the cost-effectiveness of screening by waist circumference vs HbA1c.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Type 2 Diabetes
Intensive lifestyle modification
Imperial College London
Imperial College London
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-01T07:23:21-0400
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The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that it is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .
A sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p277)
Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).
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