Enhanced Recovery at Cesarean Birth to Improve Postoperative Outcomes and Reduce Postoperative Length of Stay

2016-11-08 09:23:22 | BioPortfolio


To determine whether women randomized to an enhanced recovery program will have improved postoperative outcomes including improved breastfeeding initiation and continuation, reduction in hospital length of stay without compromising patient satisfaction in comparison to standard postoperative recovery interventions.


The investigators hypothesize that an enhanced recovery program which includes several evidence based interventions at the time of cesarean birth in obstetrics will promote early ambulation, resumption of diet and initiation of breastfeeding, and reduce postoperative hospital length of stay.

Enhanced Recovery Protocol Components:

1. Provide preoperative education about the perioperative recovery experience including postoperative analgesia, thromboprophylaxis and breastfeeding education

2. Minimize preoperative starvation times

1. Moderate amount of clears up to 2 hours prior to anesthesia

2. Solid foods up to 6-8 hours prior to anesthesia

3. Prophylactic antibiotics

4. Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis (mechanical) initiated at the time of cesarean birth and continued postoperatively

5. Providing Duramorph at the time of regional anesthesia to reduce postoperative narcotic requirements

6. Chewing gum (Xylitol) to reduce postoperative ileus

7. Routine administration of Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Ketorolac, 15mg every 6 hours for 24 hours postoperatively to minimize postoperative narcotic use

8. Early initiation of feeding after cesarean, immediately for clears, 30 minutes for regular diet as tolerated

9. Early removal of urinary catheter (12 hours postoperatively)

10. Early removal of dressing (6 hours postoperatively)

11. Early mobilization at 12 hours after delivery

12. Early skin-to- skin/breastfeeding initiation

13. Early incentive spirometry

Currently, patients are encouraged to ambulate on the first post-operative day, but it is largely left up to the patient when to actually begin to ambulate. They are similarly offered a diet on the first postoperative day but are not encouraged to eat. Breastfeeding is more systematically encouraged early as part of Montefiore's effort to get baby friendly designation. And finally, patients are typically discharged on postoperative day number three unless complications arise in the newborn or the mother. As part of this study, patients in both the enhanced recovery and usual care group will be offered the opportunity to be discharged from the hospital on postoperative day number 2 if their recovery is progressing well and if they choose not to leave then they will be encouraged to return home on postoperative day number 3 according to the current standard of care.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care


Cesarean Section


Enhanced Recovery Protocol


Not yet recruiting


Montefiore Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-08T09:23:22-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Delivery of an infant through the vagina in a female who has had a prior cesarean section.

Extraction of the fetus by abdominal hysterotomy anytime following a previous cesarean.

Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.

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Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.

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