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Immunogenicity of Hepatitis B Vaccination in Hemodialysis Patients

2016-11-16 12:08:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Intramuscular injection of 40 μg hepatitis B vaccine in a standard three-dose schedule or a four-dose schedule is recommended for hemodialysis patients. However, seroconversion rates are inadequate and persistence of immunity remains a challenge.

This is a randomized, controlled trial. The study will evaluate the immunogenicity, immune persistence, and safety of 20 µg and 60 µg recombinant hepatitis B vaccine with three injections at months 0, 1, and 6 in hemodialysis patients.

Description

Participants are randomized in a ratio of 1:1 into 20 µg recombinant hepatitis B vaccine group or 60µg recombinant hepatitis B vaccine group.The 20 µg group will receive three intramuscular injections of the 20 µg recombinant hepatitis B vaccine, while the 60 µg group will receive three intramuscular injections of the 60 µg dose at months 0, 1 and 6, respectively. HBsAg and anti-HBs will be tested during the study period. Adverse reactions will be recorded after vaccination.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Hepatitis B Vaccine

Intervention

60 µg dose hepatitis B vaccine, 20 µg dose hepatitis B vaccine

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Shanxi Medical University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-16T12:08:21-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Any vaccine raised against any virus or viral derivative that causes hepatitis.

The relationship between an elicited ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE and the dose of the vaccine administered.

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A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).

A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.

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