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One-third of our nations' children are overweight or obese (OW/OB). The cornerstone of obesity treatment involves intensive family-based behavioral therapy, yet these programs often exist in tertiary care academic settings that have long wait lists and are too far away for families to access. Primary care providers (PCP) have been called on by several organizations to be the front line of obesity management, yet they are limited by a lack of time, resources, and skills. Thus, if we are to offer effective obesity management in the healthcare setting, other care models need to be developed and tested. The goal of this proposal is to deliver Guided Self-Help (GSH) treatment of childhood obesity in the primary care setting. This program relies on classic behavioral therapy strategies, self-regulation theory, and provides the support needed for patient/family self-management of weight loss. Implementing this program in the primary care setting will increase our ability to deliver nutrition and weight-related counseling in the primary care office and serve patients closer to home, thereby increasing access to effective treatment, improving adherence to recommended changes, and meeting the goals of Healthy People 2020.
Currently 1/3 of our nation's children are overweight or obese. The goal of Healthy People 2020 is to reduce the proportion of children who are obese and increase the proportion of primary care visits that include nutrition and weight-related counseling. However, there are a lack of resources and providers that can offer effective weight-related counseling and treatment. Gold-standard family-based weight control programs for children are often provided at tertiary care academic centers and can be difficult to access. Furthermore, primary care providers (PCPs), who have been identified as key players in the treatment of childhood obesity, are not well-equipped to address this issue, engage in behavior modification/lifestyle counseling, or provide effective treatment in the primary care setting. As a result, new models of care are needed so that a greater proportion of overweight/obese (OW/OB) children and their parents can access care and receive quality treatment for obesity. The investigators propose to train health coaches in the primary care setting to deliver Guided Self-Help (GSH) treatment of childhood obesity. Implementing this program in the primary care setting will increase our ability to deliver nutrition and weight-related counseling in the primary care office and serve patients closer to home, thereby increasing access to effective treatment, improving adherence to recommended changes, and meeting the goals of Healthy People 2020.
The goal of this study is to conduct a pragmatic clinical trial in two large pediatric practices in San Diego County (n=200) where 38% and 39% of children are OW/OB. The intervention group will receive GSH (12 sessions over 6 months) delivered by a health coach in the clinic. The control group will receive usual care, i.e. PCP provides obesity management using decision support tools in the electronic health record and refers to a tertiary care program (20 sessions over 6 months) at the academic center.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Guided Self-Help Obesity Treatment, Family-based behavioral obesity treatment
University of California, San Diego
Not yet recruiting
University of California, San Diego
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-30T15:45:28-0500
The objective of the study is to evaluate whether a less intensive intervention, Guided Self-Help Family Based Treatment (gshFBT), is non-inferior to the more intensive Family Based Treatm...
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The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
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