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The objective of this study is to describe the prevalence of Multiple Hormone Deficiencies in Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction.
Despite the effectiveness of the neurohormonal model to explain the progression of heart failure and the many insights that it provided for the development of new therapies, there is increasing clinical evidence that suggests that our current models fail to completely explain the disease progression. Thus, neurohormonal models may be necessary but not sufficient to explain all aspects of disease progression in the failing heart. There is evidence suggesting that in heart failure there is a metabolic imbalance characterized by the predominance of the catabolic status over the anabolic drive.
Consistent data coming from several independent groups have documented the reduced activity of most anabolic axes in HF with reduced ejection fraction. To date, no study has addressed the prevalence the presence and the prevalence of the Multiple Hormone Deficiencies in Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Federico II University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-30T15:45:31-0500
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A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.
Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).