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Noninvasive Pulse Contour Analysis for Hemodynamic Assessment in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure

2016-12-01 16:08:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Determination of hemodynamics plays an important role in the diagnosis of chronic heart failure. The gold standard is intermittent thermodilution via pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). Because of its invasiveness, there are certain risks of this method, e.g. injuries to the nerves and vessels, excessive bleedings, pneumothorax, cardiac arrhythmias etc. Noninvasive pulse contour Analysis (NPCA) is a new method which is able to determine hemodynamics noninvasively via a simple finger cuff. Advantages towards pulmonary artery Catheterization include a lower risk and an operator-Independent easy handling. Some studies investigated the accuracy, precision and trending abilities of noninvasive pulse contour analysis during anesthesia and in the intensive care unit, but there is no data available for its use in patients with chronic heart failure. The investigators therefore initiated this Trial to verify if NPCA is suitable for Determination of hemodynamics in patients with chronic heart failure.

Description

Determination of hemodynamics plays an important role in the diagnosis of chronic heart failure. The gold standard is intermittent thermodilution via pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). Because of its invasiveness, there are certain risks of this method, e.g. injuries to the nerves and vessels, excessive bleedings, pneumothorax, cardiac arrhythmias etc. Noninvasive pulse contour Analysis (NPCA) is a new method which is able to determine hemodynamics noninvasively via a finger cuff. Advantages towards pulmonary artery Catheterization include a lower risk and an operator-Independent easy handling. Some studies investigated the accuracy, precision and trend abilities of noninvasive pulse contour analysis during anesthesia and in the intensive care unit, but there is no data for its use in patients with chronic heart failure. The investigators therefore initiated this Trial to verify if NPCA is suitable for Determination of hemodynamics in patients with chronic heart failure. For NPCA the investigators use the CNAP monitor (CNSystems Medizintechnik AG). As a reference method the investigators use intermittent thermodilution via PAC (TD). Three averaged autocalibrated NPCA-CO-measurements are going to be validated against three averaged TD-CO-measurements. Moreover, measurements of cardiac index, stroke volume, systemic vascular resistance and a between-calibration-drift will be performed. The investigators will assess the accuracy and precision of the individual values.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Heart Failure

Intervention

Noninvasive pulse contour analysis, Pulmonary artery catheterization

Location

Clinic for Cardiology, Herz- und Diabetszentrum NRW, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Bad Oeynhausen
Germany
32545

Status

Recruiting

Source

Heart and Diabetes Center North-Rhine Westfalia

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-01T16:08:22-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Evaluation of the contour of the PULSE waves which vary in different parts of the circulation and depend on physiological as well as pathophysiological conditions of the individual.

Placement of a balloon-tipped catheter into the pulmonary artery through the antecubital, subclavian, and sometimes the femoral vein. It is used to measure pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary artery wedge pressure which reflects left atrial pressure and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. The catheter is threaded into the right atrium, the balloon is inflated and the catheter follows the blood flow through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle and out into the pulmonary artery.

A congenital heart defect characterized by the narrowing or complete absence of the opening between the RIGHT VENTRICLE and the PULMONARY ARTERY. Lacking a normal PULMONARY VALVE, unoxygenated blood in the right ventricle can not be effectively pumped into the lung for oxygenation. Clinical features include rapid breathing, CYANOSIS, right ventricle atrophy, and abnormal heart sounds (HEART MURMURS).

A congenital coronary vessel anomaly in which the left main CORONARY ARTERY originates from the PULMONARY ARTERY instead of from AORTA. The congenital heart defect typically results in coronary artery FISTULA; LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE and MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY during the first months of life.

Narrowing below the PULMONARY VALVE or well below it in the infundibuluar chamber where the pulmonary artery originates, usually caused by a defective VENTRICULAR SEPTUM or presence of fibrous tissues. It is characterized by restricted blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE into the PULMONARY ARTERY, exertional fatigue, DYSPNEA, and chest discomfort.

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