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During exercise, energy comes mainly from carbohydrates and lipids. The relative contribution of lipids and glucose as energy substrates to exercise depends on the parameters of the exercise (duration, intensity and level of training) and the physiological conditions of the subject.
Inflammatory diseases such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are treated, for the most severe forms, by biotherapies. These treatments target certain pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNFα. In adults with rheumatoid arthritis several studies have shown that treatment with anti-TNFα increases insulin sensitivity. To our knowledge there is no data on the oxidation of energy substrates during exercise in children and adolescents with AJI, nor on the impact of anti-TNFα treatments on the oxidation of energetic substrates in children.
We hypothesize that, compared to healthy children, children with JIA should exhibit altered oxidation of energy substrates at rest and submaximal physical exercise due to physical deconditioning and inflammation. In addition, those treated with anti-TNFα should have an oxidation profile of energy substrates at exercise different from that of patients not treated with anti-TNFα. We also hypothesize that anti-TNFα treatments modify the contribution of energy chains (aerobic, anaerobic and anaerobic alactic) during the exercise.
Annual evaluation by Lipoxmax test and Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT) during 3 years or until the transition from pediatric to adult care.
For healthy volunteer, only one lipaxmax and Wingate test.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-01T16:08:22-0500
Polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (Poly JIA) is a form of juvenile arthritis, which is a chronic disease affecting approximately 250,000 people younger than 16 years of age. Poly...
This is a multicenter, Phase 3 randomized, placebo-controlled study designed to evaluate adalimumab in subjects with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) who are either methot...
This study investigates the efficacy of probiotic VSL#3 as an add on standard care on the activity of the disease in patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.
The purpose of this study is to compare two aggressive drug regimens for children with poly-juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and extended oligo JIA.
Growth retardation is well known in patients with severe forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Especially those who were under additional treatment with glucocorticoids for high disease ...
To describe characteristics of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) presenting with isolated arthritis of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ).
Objective Antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (CCP) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can express the inherently autoreactive gene, VH4-34, as detected using the rat monoclonal antibody, 9G4. Patie...
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory joint disease. It is the most common arthritis in children and adolescents. This paper reviews the presentation and treatment of lo...
Uveitis is the most common extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). It occurs, according to German registry data, in around 12% of JIA patients and can lead to a loss of ...
Accumulating evidence links juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) to nonhost factors such as gut microbes. We hypothesize that children with new-onset JIA have increased intestinal bacterial translocati...
Arthritis in children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
A serious complication of childhood systemic inflammatory disorders that is thought to be caused by excessive activation and proliferation of T-LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES. It is seen predominantly in children with systemic onset JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS.
A pyrazole derivative and selective CYCLOOXYGENASE 2 INHIBITOR that is used to treat symptoms associated with RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; OSTEOARTHRITIS and JUVENILE ARTHRITIS, as well as the management of ACUTE PAIN.
A butyl-diphenyl-pyrazolidinedione that has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic activities. It has been used in ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; and REACTIVE ARTHRITIS.
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...