Pii Ngima: Consequences of Water Insecurity for Maternal and Child Health

2016-12-02 16:38:22 | BioPortfolio


This study will implement the validated household-level water insecurity scale developed by study investigators among a cohort of postpartum women in Nyanza, Kenya and will assess a range of outcomes linked to water insecurity, such as viral load, hydration status, maternal depression, stress, food insecurity, and cognitive development.


This study will develop the first well-known household water insecurity scale. Currently, water insecurity cannot be measured at the level of the household or individual, i.e. at the endpoint of water use. Although there are myriad national, regional, community, and hydrological indexes of water availability, to the investigators' knowledge, there is no way of measuring water access at the household or individual levels. Without a comprehensive, validated scale to measure household water insecurity, the scientific, programmatic, and public health communities cannot empirically test the prevalence of household water insecurity access and its potential impacts on economic, nutrition, disease, and psychosocial health pathways and outcomes.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective


Maternal and Child Health


Active, not recruiting


Northwestern University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-02T16:38:22-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.

Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)

Programs organized for the purpose of providing medical and social services for mothers and children.

Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.

Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.

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