Oculomotor Training Improves Reading Eye Movement

2016-12-05 17:23:21 | BioPortfolio


Children with reading eye movement problems were recruited for this study. The treatment group was provided with oculomotor training for 8 weeks, the control group was given placebo exercises.


Purpose of study Reading is one of the integral elements for learning and poor readers were reported to have less efficient reading eye movements. They were typically characterized by having higher number in fixation and regression, reduced reading speed and perceptual span. The purpose of this study was to investigate if vision therapy which limited to training of oculomotor skills can improve reading eye movement.

Methodology This was a randomized, prospective study. 30 subjects aged from 8-9 years of age with reading difficulties and reading eye movement problems were recruited. They all have normal intelligence and ocular health, but failed to meet the Taylor reading eye movement norms when tested with the Visagraph III. The subjects were randomly assigned into either the treatment group (15) or the control group (15). The treatment group had to go through a course of oculomotor vision therapy and the control group was given placebo exercises. Vision therapy for the treatment group involved 8 weeks of training (office training - 3 times a week, 30 min per session; home training - 4 times a week, 30 min per session). Office training involved the use of Vis-Flex (Visual Flexibility Trainer - an electronic device with L.E.D. lights which can display various flashing patterns at variable speeds). Home training involved several saccadic eye movement exercises. Subjects and parents were also asked to grade the reading symptoms checklist before and after the training.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment


Ocular Motility Disorders


oculomotor training, placebo


Active, not recruiting


The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-05T17:23:21-0500

Clinical Trials [2462 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

A Retrospective Study of the Effects of Ocular Acupuncture on Ocular Motor Nerve Palsy

This retrospective observational study is designed to assess the response to treatment with ocular acupuncture and its relative factors, in terms of diplopia status, ocular motility differ...

Oculomotor Training and Chinese Characters Recognition in Children With Neuromuscular Disease

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of gaze-directed oculomotor training incorporated with web-based curriculum readings in Chinese to enhancing fixation, saccade and Chine...

Digital Imaging Assessment of Ocular Prosthesis Motility

This study will evaluate the degree of translational movement loss from orbital implant to ocular prosthesis. This will be measured using two software applications - Image J as well as the...

Codeine on Pharyngeal and Esophageal Motility

Opioids act on opioid receptors located in the brain as well as in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to induce changes in motility. A variety of studies have linked chronic opioid use with c...

Neuro-ophthalmology and Autoimmune Encephalitis (NODE)

Autoimmune encephalitis represents a group of rare and heterogeneous neurological disorders. Pathophysiological mechanisms in these diseases are still unknown. Recently, oculomotor and neu...

PubMed Articles [10948 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Loss of CXCR4/CXCL12 Signaling Causes Oculomotor Nerve Misrouting and Development of Motor Trigeminal to Oculomotor Synkinesis.

Proper control of eye movements is critical to vision, but relatively little is known about the molecular mechanisms that regulate development and axon guidance in the ocular motor system or cause the...

Barriers in Neurogastroenterology and Motility Training Experience for Pediatric Gastroenterology Fellows.

Neurogastroenterology and motility (NGM) disorders are common and have a high health care burden. Although pediatric gastroenterology fellows are expected to obtain comprehensive training in the diagn...

Placebo and nocebo responses in other movement disorders besides Parkinson's disease: How much do we know?

Among movement disorders and medicine in general, PD is one of the conditions for which there is a greater knowledge of the placebo and nocebo responses. In other movement disorders, the knowledge of ...

Treatment of Intermittent Exotropia of the Convergence Insufficiency Type with Bupivacaine 0.75%: 5-Year Experience and Outcomes.

Bupivicaine has been shown to stimulate ocular muscle structure and length after injection into ocular muscles. Bupivicaine 0.75% has been utilized in the treatment of strabismus to alter ocular align...

Gastroduodenal motility disorders.

This review summarizes recent progress in the epidemiology, pathophysiology and treatment of gastroduodenal motility disorders with an emphasis on functional dyspepsia and gastroparesis.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Disorders that feature impairment of eye movements as a primary manifestation of disease. These conditions may be divided into infranuclear, nuclear, and supranuclear disorders. Diseases of the eye muscles or oculomotor cranial nerves (III, IV, and VI) are considered infranuclear. Nuclear disorders are caused by disease of the oculomotor, trochlear, or abducens nuclei in the BRAIN STEM. Supranuclear disorders are produced by dysfunction of higher order sensory and motor systems that control eye movements, including neural networks in the CEREBRAL CORTEX; BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; and BRAIN STEM. Ocular torticollis refers to a head tilt that is caused by an ocular misalignment. Opsoclonus refers to rapid, conjugate oscillations of the eyes in multiple directions, which may occur as a parainfectious or paraneoplastic condition (e.g., OPSOCLONUS-MYOCLONUS SYNDROME). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p240)

Ocular disorders attendant upon non-ocular disease or injury.

Visual impairments limiting one or more of the basic functions of the eye: visual acuity, dark adaptation, color vision, or peripheral vision. These may result from EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; VISUAL PATHWAY diseases; OCCIPITAL LOBE diseases; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; and other conditions. Visual disability refers to inability of the individual to perform specific visual tasks, such as reading, writing, orientation, or traveling unaided. (From Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p132)

Bleeding into structures of BRAIN STEM, including the MIDBRAIN; PONS; or MEDULLA OBLONGATA, as the result of CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY is commonly associated. Clinical manifestations may include OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; ATAXIA; PARALYSIS; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; and COMA.

Training or retraining of the buccal, facial, labial, and lingual musculature in toothless conditions; DEGLUTITION DISORDERS; TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS; MALOCCLUSION; and ARTICULATION DISORDERS.

More From BioPortfolio on "Oculomotor Training Improves Reading Eye Movement"

Quick Search


Relevant Topic

Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Searches Linking to this Trial