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The purpose of this study is to compare cardio-metabolic risk, glucose tolerance, and night time blood pressure between healthy control subjects and patients with adrenal insufficiency.
We propose to use a case control design to test the main hypothesis that as compared to healthy control subjects matched for sex, age, adiposity and race/ethnicity, patients with adrenal insufficiency, whether primary or secondary, have disturbances of the circadian system that are associated with high day to day variability of sleep time as well as elevated markers of cardio-metabolic risk, including abnormal oral glucose tolerance and reduced nocturnal blood pressure dipping.
A secondary hypothesis of the study is that adrenal insufficiency patients on a replacement regimen that results in daytime cortisol profiles approximating the normal diurnal variation will have better cardio-metabolic function than adrenal insufficiency patients who have grossly abnormal cortisol profiles.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
The University of Chicago
University of Chicago
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-22T21:23:22-0500
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Conditions in which the production of adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS falls below the requirement of the body. Adrenal insufficiency can be caused by defects in the ADRENAL GLANDS, the PITUITARY GLAND, or the HYPOTHALAMUS.
A condition caused by overwhelming BACTERIAL INFECTIONS or SEPTICEMIA, leading to HEMORRHAGE and NECROSIS of the ADRENAL GLAND. It is characterized by rapidly developing ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY; HYPOTENSION; and widespread cutaneous PURPURA. This syndrome may occur at any age but is more common in children.
Neoplasm derived from displaced cells (rest cells) of the primordial ADRENAL GLANDS, generally in patients with CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA. Adrenal rest tumors have been identified in TESTES; LIVER; and other tissues. They are dependent on ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN for growth and adrenal steroid secretion.
The inner portion of the adrenal gland. Derived from ECTODERM, adrenal medulla consists mainly of CHROMAFFIN CELLS that produces and stores a number of NEUROTRANSMITTERS, mainly adrenaline (EPINEPHRINE) and NOREPINEPHRINE. The activity of the adrenal medulla is regulated by the SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A pair of glands located at the cranial pole of each of the two KIDNEYS. Each adrenal gland is composed of two distinct endocrine tissues with separate embryonic origins, the ADRENAL CORTEX producing STEROIDS and the ADRENAL MEDULLA producing NEUROTRANSMITTERS.
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Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...