Autologous CD4 T-Cells in HIV (C34-CXCR4)

2017-01-17 06:21:23 | BioPortfolio


A single cohort, open-label pilot study of the safety and tolerability of a single infusion of autologous CD4+ T-cells genetically modified with an HR2, C34-peptide conjugated to the CXCR4 N-terminus using a lentiviral vector in HIV-infected subjects. This is a first in human study of C34-CXCR4 T cells


There will be a single cohort in this study, which consists of subjects with well-controlled HIV replication on HAART. Within this cohort will be 3 escalating doses of T-cell infusions. A modified 3+3+3 dose-escalation design will be followed, in which the standard dose-escalation algorithm is stopped when a maximum of 9 evaluable subjects or a DLT stopping point has been reached, whichever comes first. At each dose level, three patients are treated. For dose levels 1 and 2, if 0/3 subjects have a dose limiting toxicity (DLT), then the dose is escalated. If 1/3 has a DLT (grade 3 or higher unexpected, related adverse event [AE]) at a dose level then 3 additional patients are treated at that dosage before escalating, and if <2/6 have DLT (i.e. no additional DLT is observed) then the dose is escalated to the next planned dose level and patients treated until a maximum of 9 evaluable subjects has been reached. The study will comprise of 5 steps:

Step 1, all participants will undergo leukapheresis to obtain CD4 positive T-cells that will be genetically modified. A second leukapheresis and a rectal biopsy will provide baseline specimens to evaluate the size of the HIV reservoir

Step 2, all participants will receive a single infusion of C34-CXCR4-modified CD4+ T-cells at one of 3 dose levels. The first 3 subjects will receive dose level 1 of 0.8-1x109 transduced CD4+T-cells. Provided no dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is seen at the first dose level, the next 3 subjects will receive infusion at the 2nd dose level of 2.4-3x109 transduced CD4+ T-cells. If no DLT occurs at that dose, the final 3 subjects will receive the 3rd dose level of 0.8-1x1010 transduced CD4+ T-cells. In the event of a DLT (grade 3 or higher unexpected, related AE) recruitment will be paused pending DSMB decision.

Step 3 all participants will participate in a 16-week analytical treatment interruption beginning 4 weeks after T-cell infusion.

At the end of step 3 all participants will undergo mini-leukapheresis and rectal biopsy

Step 4 all participants will be advised to resume antiretroviral therapy and will be followed until plasma HIV RNA falls below the limit of detection.

In Step 5 all participants will undergo leukapheresis and rectal biopsy at 52 weeks post infusion. At the completion of the study, participants will be asked to participate in a long-term follow-up study as required by regulatory authorities.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label




Autologous CD4 T-Cells


University of Pennsylvania
United States


Not yet recruiting


University of Pennsylvania

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-01-17T06:21:23-0500

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AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...

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