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TAU PET Imaging in Northern Manhattan Study of Metabolism and Mind

2017-01-23 07:03:33 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this project is to study brain imaging of a substance called tau, which is found in brains of persons with Alzheimer's disease, using the Tau binder, 18F-THK-5351, for live imaging of tau in the brain. The main goal of this proposal is to study whether diabetes status (type 2 diabetes [referred to as diabetes] and pre-diabetes, compared with normal glucose tolerance [NGT]), is associated with increased tau accumulation in the brain, one of the culprits of Alzheimer's disease, in a community-based group of middle aged Caribbean-Hispanics with a mean age of 63 years. The investigators propose to conduct tau positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in 30 middle aged Hispanics.

Description

The burden of late onset Alzheimer's dementia (LOAD) and its antecedents is increasing without known prevention or cure, and diabetes seems to be one of the strongest risk factors. The predominating causal model in Alzheimer's disease (AD) research is based on the amyloid hypothesis, which posits that amyloid (A) deposition in the brain causes synaptic dysfunction resulting in early memory deficits and progression to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. Tau has also gained increasing interest as an AD pathology feature, biomarker, and treatment target.

There are no known curative or preventive measures for LOAD. One of the strongest potential LOAD risk factors is type 2 diabetes, an abnormal elevation of blood glucose associated with microvascular and macrovascular complications including cerebrovascular disease. Many studies have reported an association of diabetes with dementia, including LOAD and vascular dementia (VD). Most studies have found that diabetes is associated with an increased risk of both LOAD and VD, with a stronger association for VD compared with LOAD. Thus, this study focuses on the relation of diabetes, pre-diabetes, and elevated glucose, with AD.

Study Design

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

18F-THK-5351

Location

Columbia University Medical Center
New York
New York
United States
10032

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Columbia University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-01-23T07:03:33-0500

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A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

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