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Hypothesis: 'Transport PLUS,' a low cost, easily generalizable intervention performed by Emergency Medical Technicians while transporting a patient home from the hospital, can improve transitions of care and improve patient safety following hospitalization as measured by decreased rates of falls and reduced rates of return to the hospital.
The moment of transition between the hospital and the home is susceptible to lapses in quality and loss of key information regarding a patient's care. An increasing amount of attention is being given to improving the transition of care by targeting factors that contribute to return Emergency Department (ED) visits and readmissions. Following a hospitalization, as many as 40% of patients over age 60 will experience a fall in the subsequent six months and 76% of older adult patients are uncertain about their follow-up care plan. Patients transported home by ambulance following an ED visit were found to have a significantly higher rate of return ED visits at 30 days then overall rates for older adult ED patients (27.8% vs. 11.5%).
In response to these challenges, the researcher's study group developed and piloted an innovative care model known as "Transport PLUS" in which specially trained emergency medical technicians (EMTs) who are already transporting an older adult (65+ years in age) patient home from the ED add to their service two simple interventions - a home fall hazard assessment (FHA) and a discharge comprehension assessment (DCA). Both interventions are facilitated and measured using a checklist developed through a systematic review of the literature and existing tools, and later refined through EMT and patient focus groups.
This study will test the hypothesis that 'Transport PLUS,' a low cost, easily generalizable intervention, can improve transitions of care and improve patient safety following hospitalization as measured by decreased rates of falls and reduced rates of return to the hospital.
The researchers will conduct a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the Transport PLUS intervention to standard care in a population of older adult patients being discharged from the hospital. The researchers will randomize EMS providers to either perform Transport PLUS (the intervention) or to provide routine transport. It is estimated that approximately 400 patients over age 65 will be transported home from the study hospital by participating providers during the study enrollment period. Patient participants will receive Transport PLUS (n=200) or routine care (n=200) as determined by the transporting provider. Primary outcomes will be the rate of falls in the 3 months following hospitalization and 3-day and 30-day return ED visits (with or without a hospitalization). Process measures will include removal of fall hazards at 3 months and compliance with discharge instructions. Extending beyond the grant period, the researchers intend to follow the cohort for up to 1 year.
Transport PLUS group
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-02-09T11:08:22-0500
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