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Seizure Treatment in Glioma

2017-02-10 10:23:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Currently, treatment with a specific anti-epileptic drug mainly depends on the physicians' preference, as there are no studiessupporting the use of one specific anticonvulsant in glioma patients. The overall aim of this randomized controlled trial is to directly compare the effectiveness of treatment with levetiracetam or valproic acid in glioma patients with a first seizure.

Description

Currently, treatment of glioma patients with a specific anti-epileptic drug (AED) mainly depends on the physicians' preference, as there is no robust evidence from randomized controlled trials supporting the use of one specific anticonvulsant above the other in glioma patients.

Levetiracetam and valproic acid are the most commonly used AEDs in glioma patients. Both drugs are used for the treatment of seizures, have similar toxicity profiles and are non-enzyme inducing AEDs, therefore not interfering with chemotherapeutic drugs. However, it is not known whether one drug is more effective than the other in reducing seizures.

Study Design

Conditions

Glioma

Intervention

Levetiracetam, Valproic Acid

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Leiden University Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-02-10T10:23:22-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A fatty acid with anticonvulsant properties used in the treatment of epilepsy. The mechanisms of its therapeutic actions are not well understood. It may act by increasing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID levels in the brain or by altering the properties of voltage dependent sodium channels.

A fatty acid-binding protein expressed by ASTROCYTES during CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM development, and by MALIGNANT GLIOMA cells. It is also expressed by ASTROCYTES in response to injury or ISCHEMIA, and may function in repair of the MYELIN SHEATH.

A malignant BRAINSTEM neoplasm of the PONS. They are more commonly found in children than adults.

A BRAIN-specific hyalectin that may play a role in terminally differentiating NEURONS. It is found highly overexpressed in primary BRAIN TUMORS and in experimental models of GLIOMA.

Carbonic acid (H2C03). The hypothetical acid of carbon dioxide and water. It exists only in the form of its salts (carbonates), acid salts (hydrogen carbonates), amines (carbamic acid), and acid chlorides (carbonyl chloride). (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

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