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Risk Factors for Delirium in Critically Ill Surgical Patients

2017-02-13 11:18:14 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Delirium is characterized by changes in mental status, inattension, disorganized thinking, and altered consciousness. Prevalence of delirium in critically ill patients has varied from 20~80% depending on the severity of illness. Despite its high prevalence, delirium is often under-recognized by clinicians due to the difficulties in diagnosis and no interest. Delirium is associated with increased mechanical ventilation days, hospital length of stay, and mortality. The purpose of this study is to analyze the prevalence of delirium and risk factors for delirium in critically ill surgical patients.

Description

The investigators performed a prospective cohort study involving the patients admitted to surgical ICU between april 2013 and august 2013.

The included patients were assessed independently by trained ICU nurses using the confusion Assessment Method for the ICU (CAM-ICU). The patients were recorded general characteristics, disease-related factors, and treatment and environment-related factors. Data were analyzed by SPSS 12.0 software, using t-test, Fisher's exact test and logistic regression.

Study Design

Conditions

Delirium

Location

Asan Medical Center
Seoul
Korea, Republic of
05505

Status

Completed

Source

Asan Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-02-13T11:18:14-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of DELIRIUM which occurs after GENERAL ANESTHESIA.

Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.

An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)

A disorder characterized by CONFUSION; inattentiveness; disorientation; ILLUSIONS; HALLUCINATIONS; agitation; and in some instances autonomic nervous system overactivity. It may result from toxic/metabolic conditions or structural brain lesions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp411-2)

Neurologic disorders occurring in children following lead exposure. The most frequent manifestation of childhood lead toxicity is an encephalopathy associated with chronic ingestion of lead that usually presents between the ages of 1 and 3 years. Clinical manifestations include behavioral changes followed by lethargy; CONVULSIONS; HALLUCINATIONS; DELIRIUM; ATAXIA; and vomiting. Elevated intracranial pressure (HYPERTENSION, INTRACRANIAL) and CEREBRAL EDEMA may occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1210-2)

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