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Genomics and Epigenomics for New Insights in fEmale OAB (GENIE) Study

2017-02-23 14:29:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Millions of women suffer from overactive bladder, and the changes in bladder function affect their quality of life. The study team believes that it needs to be better understand why women get overactive bladder in the first place so that better treatments can eventually be offered.

The purpose of this study is to determine why women with insulin resistance are more likely to get overactive bladder. Overactive bladder is a type of bladder control problem that can cause some women to have bladder leakage. This problem is more common in women with diabetes and pre-diabetes, but it isn't known why.

Description

The methylation of cytosines in CpG sites can have profound effects on the ability of genes to be transcribed. To clarify and distinguish the specific methylation changes responsible for overactive bladder (OAB) in those with insulin resistance (IR), the investigator will compare three well-characterized groups of women: 1) OAB and IR; 2) IR only (no OAB); and 3) OAB only (no IR). In this proposal the investigator is only studying women since they are more likely to be affected by OAB with incontinence, the investigator wants to study pure cohorts of patients, and because this is the clinical population cared for by the primary investigator. The plan for future investigations is to apply these findings to broader groups to better understand gender and racial differences.

In Specific Aim 1, the investigator will conduct an epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) study, followed by targeted validation studies to determine whether CpG sites throughout the genome are differentially methylated in well-characterized and matched cohorts, while controlling for the effects of insulin-resistance. In Specific Aim 2, the investigator will assess for differential expression of candidate loci in relation to methylation. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) will be used to establish differences in the transcriptome between extreme phenotypes of OAB+IR and OAB alone. The investigator will then use quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to validate expression differences in all cohorts, and to confirm differences in candidate loci that are confirmed in experiments from Aim 1. The investigator will proceed with bioinformatic pathway analyses to identify the function and interdependence of genes with altered expression and altered methylation profiles. In Specific Aim 3, the investigator will determine whether expression (mRNA and protein) differences in voided urine cells are also exhibited in biopsied bladder mucosa. The investigator will use targeted assays to confirm similar methylation profiles and gene expression in voided cells and bladder biopsies. The investigator will also compare protein expression of candidate loci such as EXOC6, ZFC3H1, RPS6KA2, and SPON2 proteins, if confirmed in other Aims, between cohorts. When the proposed studies have been completed, it is the expectation that the investigator will have functionally characterized the methylation changes that the investigator preliminarily identified in IR associated OAB.

Study Design

Conditions

Overactive Bladder

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Duke University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-02-23T14:29:47-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Symptom of overactive detrusor muscle of the URINARY BLADDER that contracts with abnormally high frequency and urgency. Overactive bladder is characterized by the frequent feeling of needing to urinate during the day, during the night, or both. URINARY INCONTINENCE may or may not be present.

Symptoms of disorders of the lower urinary tract including frequency, NOCTURIA; urgency, incomplete voiding, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. They are often associated with OVERACTIVE BLADDER; URINARY INCOMPETENCE; and INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS. Lower urinary tract symptoms in males were traditionally called PROSTATISM.

A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.

Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.

An abnormal passage in the URINARY BLADDER or between the bladder and any surrounding organ.

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