Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Rationale: The microbial composition in the small intestine (SI) differs largely from the composition in feces. Many physiological processes related to health, such as immunoregulation and metabolic programming, mainly take place in the SI. Therefore, the SI, from a microbiota perspective, is as relevant as the large intestine. There are indications that microbiota composition is different in lean and obese subjects, and is related to insulin resistance. However, these indications are mainly based on the analysis of fecal samples. Therefore, analysis of the microbiota composition in the more proximal part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract may provide new insights into the microbial species that are involved or related to metabolic homeostasis at that location. The IntelliCap® CR system offers a minimally invasive tool that is able to collect reliable samples in the SI, as was shown by NIZO in a clinical validation study. The main aim of the current study is to explore and compare the upper GI microbiota composition in lean and obese subjects, in order to generate new leads for development of products that may target the upper GI microbiota community or specific species thereof, which may impact the maintenance of metabolic homeostasis. This may provide new opportunities for the treatment, reduction or prevention of overweight and/or obesity or insulin resistance.
NIZO food research BV
NIZO Food Research
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-03-09T19:08:21-0500
This is a multi-center, prospective study evaluating a treatment for obesity.
The purpose of this project is to establish a Center of Excellence in Research on Obesity that will focus on severe obesity. The prevalence of severe obesity (i.e., Class 2 and 3 obesity;...
The purpose of this survey is to collect the data on perceptions, behaviours and awareness related to obesity and obesity management for People with Obesity (PwO) and Health Care Professio...
Obesity affects over one third of US adults (>72 million, with BMI ≥30 kg/m2), and the proportion of US adults with BMI ≥40 kg/m2 has doubled in the last 20 years. Obesity is associate...
The purpose of this study is to design and demonstrate the feasibility of implementing moderate and intensive environmental obesity prevention programs at major worksites.
The obesity-cataract association has been inconsistently reported. The fat mass and obesity-related (FTO) single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs9939609 is a major SNP associated with obesity and has ...
Despite extensive study of the obesity epidemic, research on whether obesity has risen faster in lower or in higher socioeconomic groups is inconsistent. This study examined secular trends in obesity ...
The prevalence of obesity in childhood is of high concern, especially in deprived populations. We explored trends in obesity following the introduction of a citywide strategy focused on preschool chil...
In clinical care, unemployed youths have limited access to available obesity treatments including obesity surgery. With the implementation of a specialized obesity outpatient unit in cooperation with ...
In Europe, although the prevalence of childhood obesity seems to be plateauing in some countries, progress on tackling this important public health issue remains slow and inconsistent. Breastfeeding h...
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.
BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Endocrine disorders are grouped into two categories: hormone imbalance - when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Disorders Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several g...