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The Nurse-Family Partnership, a program of prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses, has been examined in a series of 3 randomized trials since 1977. It has received considerable attention in the scientific and public policy communities for its replicated effects on a variety of maternal and child health outcomes across these 3 trials, including prenatal health, childhood injuries, rates of subsequent pregnancies, inter-birth intervals, as well as its long-term effects on maternal life-course, criminal behavior, and 15-year-olds' criminal and antisocial behavior in the first trial of the program conducted in Elmira, New York.
Although this program produced positive effects on maternal and child health from pregnancy through the child's fourth year of life, its long-term effects remain unexamined. The current study was conducted to determine the extent to which the beneficial effects of the program set in motion early in the life cycle altered the life-course trajectories of the mothers and the children's adaptive functioning through the first child's 15th birthday. This study examines the long-term effects of the program on two domains of maternal functioning: 1) maternal life course (subsequent children, use of welfare, employment, substance abuse, and encounters with the criminal justice system); and 2) perpetration of child abuse and neglect; and two domains of the children's behavior: 1) their functioning in schools, and 2) their criminal and antisocial behavior. We hypothesized that the program effects in these domains of maternal and child functioning, as in earlier phases of the study, would be greater for families in which the mothers experienced a larger number of chronic stressors and had fewer resources to manage the challenges of living in poverty and being a parent.
Developmental Screening, Screening plus Transportation, Screening, Transport, Prenatal Visits, Screen, Transport, Prenatal/Inf Visits
University of Colorado, Denver
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-03-14T20:38:21-0400
The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of implementing the AAP's recommendation that clinicians provide developmental surveillance at all ...
This project aims to provide high- quality evidence to inform decisions by health care organisations about using first-tier non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) to replace traditional sc...
Significant barriers exist for effectively informing women about prenatal screening in the clinical setting. This project developed and evaluated the efficacy of a game decision aid among ...
The investigators aim to evaluate an online training program on shared decision making within the prenatal context. The main outcome is intention on using a decision aid in prenatal screen...
This study will assess the feasibility of Vanadis NIPT for screening of T21, T18 and T13. The results obtained from Vanadis NIPT will be compared with the study site's current prenatal scr...
We surveyed obstetric sonographers, who are at the forefront of the screening process to determine how barriers to prenatal cardiac screening impacted screening abilities.
Only 30% of parents of children aged 9-35 months report that their child received a developmental screening in the previous year. Screening rates are even lower in low-income households, where the rat...
Down syndrome (DS) is the most frequently occurring fetal chromosomal abnormality and different prenatal screening strategies are used for determining risk of DS worldwide. New non-invasive prenatal t...
Single developmental screening tests are insufficient for supporting clinical decisions, showing less than 50% of those referred are actually delayed. Combining two tests can address this problem. We ...
Ontario offers a publicly funded modified contingent model of prenatal screening for aneuploidy in which cell-free DNA (cfDNA) screening is covered for pregnancies at higher risk of fetal aneuploidy. ...
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.
Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.
Measures for assessing the results of diagnostic and screening tests. Sensitivity represents the proportion of truly diseased persons in a screened population who are identified as being diseased by the test. It is a measure of the probability of correctly diagnosing a condition. Specificity is the proportion of truly nondiseased persons who are so identified by the screening test. It is a measure of the probability of correctly identifying a nondiseased person. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Identification of individuals who are heterozygous at a GENETIC LOCUS for a recessive PHENOTYPE.
Mergers & Acquisitions
Commercial and market reports on mergers and acquisitions in the biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and life-science industries. Mergers and acquisitions (abbreviated M&A;) is an aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance and manageme...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...