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The Prenatal/Early Infancy Project: An Adolescent Follow-up

2017-03-14 20:38:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The Nurse-Family Partnership, a program of prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses, has been examined in a series of 3 randomized trials since 1977. It has received considerable attention in the scientific and public policy communities for its replicated effects on a variety of maternal and child health outcomes across these 3 trials, including prenatal health, childhood injuries, rates of subsequent pregnancies, inter-birth intervals, as well as its long-term effects on maternal life-course, criminal behavior, and 15-year-olds' criminal and antisocial behavior in the first trial of the program conducted in Elmira, New York.

Description

Although this program produced positive effects on maternal and child health from pregnancy through the child's fourth year of life, its long-term effects remain unexamined. The current study was conducted to determine the extent to which the beneficial effects of the program set in motion early in the life cycle altered the life-course trajectories of the mothers and the children's adaptive functioning through the first child's 15th birthday. This study examines the long-term effects of the program on two domains of maternal functioning: 1) maternal life course (subsequent children, use of welfare, employment, substance abuse, and encounters with the criminal justice system); and 2) perpetration of child abuse and neglect; and two domains of the children's behavior: 1) their functioning in schools, and 2) their criminal and antisocial behavior. We hypothesized that the program effects in these domains of maternal and child functioning, as in earlier phases of the study, would be greater for families in which the mothers experienced a larger number of chronic stressors and had fewer resources to manage the challenges of living in poverty and being a parent.

Study Design

Conditions

Behavior, Adaptive

Intervention

Developmental Screening, Screening plus Transportation, Screening, Transport, Prenatal Visits, Screen, Transport, Prenatal/Inf Visits

Status

Completed

Source

University of Colorado, Denver

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-03-14T20:38:21-0400

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