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Follow-up of Prader Willi Syndrome Infants Treated by Oxytocin and Comparison With Not-treated Infants.

2017-03-16 21:23:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The objective of this study is to collect data on tolerance and effects of early treatment with oxytocin in children with Prader Willi Syndrome aged from 3 to 4 years and to compare these infants with not treated age-matched infants with Prader Willi Syndrome.

Description

In accordance with recommendations of regulatory authorities, we want to collect long term data of patients treated with oxytocin before the age of 6 months. Moreover clinical observations of these infants support long term effects on communication skills, global development and behaviour.

Study Design

Conditions

Prader-Willi Syndrome

Intervention

Oxytocin, Control

Location

Centre de référence du syndrome de Prader-Willi Hôpital des Enfants
Toulouse
France
31059

Status

Recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Toulouse

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-03-16T21:23:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An autosomal dominant disorder caused by deletion of the proximal long arm of the paternal chromosome 15 (15q11-q13) or by inheritance of both of the pair of chromosomes 15 from the mother (UNIPARENTAL DISOMY) which are imprinted (GENETIC IMPRINTING) and hence silenced. Clinical manifestations include MENTAL RETARDATION; MUSCULAR HYPOTONIA; HYPERPHAGIA; OBESITY; short stature; HYPOGONADISM; STRABISMUS; and HYPERSOMNOLENCE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p229)

Cell surface proteins that bind oxytocin with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. Oxytocin receptors in the uterus and the mammary glands mediate the hormone's stimulation of contraction and milk ejection. The presence of oxytocin and oxytocin receptors in neurons of the brain probably reflects an additional role as a neurotransmitter.

A nonapeptide hormone released from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). It differs from VASOPRESSIN by two amino acids at residues 3 and 8. Oxytocin acts on SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, such as causing UTERINE CONTRACTIONS and MILK EJECTION.

Carrier proteins for OXYTOCIN and VASOPRESSIN. They are polypeptides of about 10-kDa, synthesized in the HYPOTHALAMUS. Neurophysin I is associated with oxytocin and neurophysin II is associated with vasopressin in their respective precursors and during transportation down the axons to the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR).

Drugs that stimulate contraction of the myometrium. They are used to induce LABOR, OBSTETRIC at term, to prevent or control postpartum or postabortion hemorrhage, and to assess fetal status in high risk pregnancies. They may also be used alone or with other drugs to induce abortions (ABORTIFACIENTS). Oxytocics used clinically include the neurohypophyseal hormone OXYTOCIN and certain prostaglandins and ergot alkaloids. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p1157)

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