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This research study is studying immunotherapy with or without radiation therapy as a possible treatment for adenoid cystic carcinoma.
The immunotherapy involved in this study is:
- Pembrolizumab (MK-3475 or KEYTRUDA).
This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational agent to learn whether it works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the drug is being studied.
Pembrolizumab (MK-3475 or KEYTRUDA) is a humanized monoclonal antibody. An antibody is a common type of protein made in the body in response to a foreign substance (particles not typically found in your body such as bacteria or viruses). Antibodies attack foreign substances and protect against infection. Antibodies can also be produced in the laboratory for use in treating patients. Pembrolizumab is designed to restore the natural ability of the immune system to recognize and target cancer cells.
The FDA recently granted approval to pembrolizumab as a treatment for patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Pembrolizumab has not been approved for treatment against adenoid cystic carcinoma.
This study is testing whether pembrolizumab with or without radiation is useful for patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma. Radiation therapy may be used to treat some ACC tumors that have spread to other parts of the body or recurred after surgery. Radiation therapy may affect the immune system to improve the efficacy of pembrolizumab
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
Massachusetts General Hospital
Not yet recruiting
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-03-22T21:53:21-0400
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The role of elective neck dissection in the management of major salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma is unclear.
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Carcinoma characterized by bands or cylinders of hyalinized or mucinous stroma separating or surrounded by nests or cords of small epithelial cells. When the cylinders occur within masses of epithelial cells, they give the tissue a perforated, sievelike, or cribriform appearance. Such tumors occur in the mammary glands, the mucous glands of the upper and lower respiratory tract, and the salivary glands. They are malignant but slow-growing, and tend to spread locally via the nerves. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A variant of well-differentiated epidermoid carcinoma that is most common in the oral cavity, but also occurs in the larynx, nasal cavity, esophagus, penis, anorectal region, vulva, vagina, uterine cervix, and skin, especially on the sole of the foot. Most intraoral cases occur in elderly male abusers of smokeless tobacco. The treatment is surgical resection. Radiotherapy is not indicated, as up to 30% treated with radiation become highly aggressive within six months. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A cystic growth originating from lymphatic tissue. It is usually found in the neck, axilla, or groin.
A condition in which abnormal cells have not spread outside the duct, lobule, or nipple to other tissues of the breast. There are 3 types of breast carcinoma in situ: DUCTAL CARCINOMA IN SITU; LOBULAR CARCINOMA IN SITU; and PAGET DISEASE OF THE NIPPLE
A transplantable carcinoma of the rat that originally appeared spontaneously in the mammary gland of a pregnant albino rat, and which now resembles a carcinoma in young transplants and a sarcoma in older transplants. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Allergies Automimmune Disease Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunology Vaccine Immunology is the study of immunity and the defence mechanisms of the body. A greater understanding of immunology is needed to develop vaccines, understand ...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...