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A Phase II Study of Durvalumab (MEDI4736) Plus Tremelimumab for Advanced Neuroendocrine Neoplasms of Gastroenteropancreatic or Lung Origin

2017-03-30 00:08:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Well-differentiated gastroenteropancreatic and lung neuroendocrine tumors are generally malignancies with a prolonged natural history. However, clinical behavior is heterogeneous and when tumor progression is observed, treatment options are limited. The most used therapy for neuroendocrine tumors management are somatostatin analogs. However, even the use in lung carcinoids is quite usual, no antitumoral activity has been demonstrated. Tremelimumab and Durvalumab combination could be more efficient drugs to improve immune system activation and could obtain a significantly higher clinical benefit in these patients. Tremelimumab and Durvalumab would be the first immune combination agents showing efficacy in neuroendocrine neoplasms of different origins.

Description

Prospective, multi-center, open label, stratified, exploratory, phase II study evaluating the efficacy and safety of durvalumab plus tremelimumab in different cohorts of patients with advanced/metastatic, histologically confirmed, grade 1/2 (G1/G2) of the 2010 WHO classification neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas, gastrointestinal tract and lung origins and grade 3 (G3) of gastroenteropancreactic system or unknown primary site (excluding lung primaries) after progression to previous therapies.

Study Design

Conditions

Neuroendocrine Tumors

Intervention

Durvalumab + Tremelimumab

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Grupo Espanol de Tumores Neuroendocrinos

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-03-30T00:08:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors whose cells possess secretory granules and originate from the neuroectoderm, i.e., the cells of the ectoblast or epiblast that program the neuroendocrine system. Common properties across most neuroendocrine tumors include ectopic hormone production (often via APUD CELLS), the presence of tumor-associated antigens, and isozyme composition.

A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)

A 38-kDa integral membrane glycoprotein of the presynaptic vesicles in neuron and neuroendocrine cells. It is expressed by a variety of normal and neoplastic neuroendocrine cells and is therefore used as an immunocytochemical marker for neuroendocrine differentiation in various tumors. In ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementing disorders, there is an important synapse loss due in part to a decrease of synaptophysin in the presynaptic vesicles.

An acidic protein found in the NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEM that functions as a molecular chaperone for PROPROTEIN CONVERTASE 2.

A usually small, slow-growing neoplasm composed of islands of rounded, oxyphilic, or spindle-shaped cells of medium size, with moderately small vesicular nuclei, and covered by intact mucosa with a yellow cut surface. The tumor can occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract (and in the lungs and other sites); approximately 90% arise in the appendix. It is now established that these tumors are of neuroendocrine origin and derive from a primitive stem cell. (From Stedman, 25th ed & Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1182)

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