Sun Safety Ink! A Sun Safety Program for the Tattoo Community

2017-03-30 23:38:21 | BioPortfolio


Over 3.5 million cases of non-melanoma skin cancers occur annually and melanoma rates have doubled in the last 30 years, burdening the nation's health system. Klein Buendel, Inc. (KB) proposes to develop Sun Safety INK! (SSI!), a skin cancer prevention program targeted to clients of licensed tattoo studios because tattoo aftercare recommendations can include sun protection for tattoos, and studios offer an opportunity to reach younger adults who are significantly more likely to sunburn and less likely to practice sun safety. The study will assess the effectiveness of SSI! at (1) increasing full-body comprehensive sun protection practices; (2) decreasing sun burning and tanning; and, (3) decreasing positive attitudes regarding tanning and tanning attractiveness.


Skin cancer prevention is a public health priority. Over 3.5 million cases of non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) occur annually and melanoma rates have doubled in the last 30 years, burdening the nation's health system. Increasing evidence points to the need for prevention programs to be targeted to young adults as invasive melanoma of the skin is the third most common cancer among adolescents and young adults (ages 15-39) in the U.S. Skin cancer is preventable as excess exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR), the primary risk factor, is modifiable and a number of public health campaigns have been developed to increase awareness about skin cancer risk and to promote sun safety. Despite these efforts, skin cancer rates continue to rise. Many adults still forget to apply sunscreen, do not pre-apply prior to sun exposure, fail to reapply, do not use clothing or wide-brimmed hats that physically block UVR and do not use shade. 4.2% of US adults engage in indoor tanning. It is well established that continued efforts are needed to promote skin cancer prevention. Concurrently, approximately, 25% of American adults have a tattoo with younger adults more likely to have tattoos than older adults. The popularity of tattoos continues to grow in the general population and particularly among members of the military. Individuals with tattoos need to take extra precaution when exposed to the sun not only to protect themselves from harmful UVR rays but also to reduce damage to their tattoos. Klein Buendel, Inc. (KB) proposes to develop and test Sun Safety INK (SSI), a skin cancer prevention program targeted to clients of licensed tattoo studios. The studios have been selected as the venue for this study because tattoo salons, at times, promote sun protection for new tattoos to keep them from fading, and offer a unique opportunity to reach younger adults who have high sunburn rates and are often less likely to practice sun protection. The studios provide a unique and compatible environment for sun safety promotion. Further, a number of successful programs have promoted health practices through similar venues such as beauty parlors and barber shops. Exploratory research with the tattoo community determined that: (1) tattoo studios were receptive to a skin cancer prevention program; (2) tattooed individuals had high rates of sunburns and low rates of sun protection but were open to receiving sun safety information and (3) a prototype SSI! program confirmed feasibility for recruitment and implementation. Based on these results, KB proposes to fully develop SSI! to include an online sun safety training for artists, a website, and additional sun safety education materials (e.g., social media). KB will work with the Alliance of Professional Tattoo Artists and the National Tattoo Association to recruit 30 licensed studios to participate in a group-randomized pair-matched pretest-posttest controlled quasi-experimental design. The primary outcomes of the study will be to evaluate the effectiveness of SSI! at: (1) increasing full-body comprehensive sun protection practices; (2) decreasing sun burning and tanning; and, (3) decreasing positive attitudes regarding tanning and tanning attractiveness.

Study Design


Skin Cancer


Sun Safety Ink! Program, Attention Control


University of Colorado Denver
United States


Not yet recruiting


Klein Buendel, Inc.

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-03-30T23:38:21-0400

Clinical Trials [3227 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Attention Training for Underserved Youth With Anxiety

This study aims to test the efficacy and feasibility of administering a computerized attention training program targeting clinical levels of anxiety in Latino youth between the ages of 8-1...

Tai Chi Mind-Body Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis

The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and effectiveness of Tai Chi with an Attention Control intervention consisting of a stretching and wellness education program involving ...

Sun Safe Workplaces: Assessment of Benefits and Costs of a Policy Intervention

Sun Safe Workplaces (SSW), a comprehensive occupational sun safety program, promoted education and policy to 98 cities, counties, and special districts in Colorado. In a two-year follow-up...

CSP #562 - The VA Keratinocyte Carcinoma Chemoprevention Trial

The main purpose of this study is to see if 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) skin cream can prevent the growth of new skin cancers on the face and ears. The cost of trying to prevent skin cancer will...

Skin Cancer Screening and Education at Beaches

This study is an evaluation of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Blum Family Resource Center Van's existing skin cancer screening and education program. This program has been on-going over ...

PubMed Articles [33031 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Training Future Leaders: Experience from China-ASEAN Cancer Control Training Program.

Cancer care professionals are pivotal in translating the knowledge into action in the continuum of cancer control process. Unfortunately, in China and the Association of South-east Asian Nations (ASEA...

Implementing a Comprehensive Unit-Based Safety Program (CUSP) to Enhance a Culture of Patient Safety and Improve Medication Safety in a Regional Home Care Program.

To determine whether a Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program could be used to enhance a culture of patient safety and improve medication safety at 1 pilot site.

Trends of skin cancer mortality after transplantation in the United States: 1987 to 2013.

- -Organ transplant recipients are at high risk of skin cancer mortality.-This study defines population-based mortality from skin cancer posttransplantation and identifies recipients at increased risk...

Barriers to Using a Nationwide Skin Cancer Screening Program: Findings from Germany.

In 2008, a nationwide standardized and systematic skin cancer screening (SCS) service, which is globally unique, was implemented in Germany. We aimed to provide current data on SCS use, to explore bar...

Strengthening Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Tuberculosis Prevention Capacity among South African Healthcare Workers: A Mixed Methods Study of a Collaborative Occupational Health Program.

Insufficient training in infection control and occupational health among healthcare workers (HCWs) in countries with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) burdens requires atte...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)

An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.

The use of biological mechanisms, usually involving living organisms such as bacteria, for the reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous pests. Environmental concerns have focused attention on natural forms of disease control as potentially safe and effective alternatives to chemical pesticides. This has led to increased efforts to develop control strategies that rely on natural predators and parasites or that involve genetically engineered microbial pest control agents.

Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.

A system of safety management (abbreviated HACCP) applied mainly to the food industry. It involves the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards, from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of finished products.

More From BioPortfolio on "Sun Safety Ink! A Sun Safety Program for the Tattoo Community"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

  Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...

Wound management
Anything that breaks the skin is a wound because when the skin is broken, there's a risk of germs getting into the body and causing an infection. Follow and track Wound Care News on BioPortfolio: Wound Car...

Skin cancers
There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, is a cancer of the basal cells at the bottom of the epidermis. It’s very common ...

Searches Linking to this Trial