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The research group developed a surgical simulation device, the Human Eyelid Analogue Device for Surgical Training And skill Reinforcement in Trachoma (HEAD START), to bridge the gap between classroom and live-surgery training specifically for trichiasis surgery. In most settings, HEAD START is utilized once during training, then surgeons move on to live surgery and typically do not return to the simulator. The research team is interested in determining whether HEAD START provides benefit for long-term trichiasis surgery training, since many surgeons operate seasonally, with long periods of downtime between surgical camps and with little field supervision.
Participating surgeons will practice on HEAD START weekly, with monthly feedback from a senior supervisor. Researchers will assess their skill level at the start of HEAD START training and again at the start of the new surgical season in the fall of 2017. Researchers will also administer questionnaires to elicit feedback on the HEAD START training and supervision process.
Eliminating blinding trachoma by 2020 is a key goal of the World Health Organization (WHO). Nearly 8 million individuals worldwide are in need of trichiasis surgery to prevent blindness.1 Currently, many trichiasis surgery programs experience poor outcomes in 10-50% of patients.2-11 High-quality surgery with minimal post-operative trichiasis is critical for success of the WHO goals. Typically, non-physician "surgeons" perform the procedure. Historically, they have been provided with one-week of classroom training and then begin live surgery training.
The research group developed a surgical simulation device, the Human Eyelid Analogue Device for Surgical Training And skill Reinforcement in Trachoma (HEAD START), to bridge the gap between classroom and live-surgery training specifically for trichiasis surgery. Based on this work, the WHO now recommends that all trainees receive training with a surgical simulation device before performing live surgery and that any refresher training should include simulation training as well.
In most settings, HEAD START is utilized once during training, meaning that once individuals are trained on HEAD START, they move on to live surgery and typically do not return to the simulator. In surgical sub-specialties with ready access to simulation devices, regular surgical simulation practice is utilized for skills maintenance and enhancement. The research team is interested in determining whether HEAD START provides benefit for long-term trichiasis surgery training, since many surgeons operate seasonally, with long periods of downtime between surgical camps and with little field supervision.
This project will compare skills of surgical trainees who continued with HEAD START practice and feedback throughout a 6-month break in surgery with those who did not. Study subjects will be selected based on their participation in an ORBIS-sponsored trichiasis surgery training program (either new training or refresher/conversion training). At the end of the standard training, the trainees who successfully complete training are ranked according to their scores on a classroom-based test and the WHO certification/assessment form. All individuals who successfully complete the training session and are scheduled to begin independent trichiasis surgery practice through the National Eye Care Program will be invited to participate in the study until we have reached 30 participants. Fifteen trainees will be invited to participate in long-term HEAD START practice in addition to performing regular live surgery. An additional 15 individuals will be selected for the trainer to assess their skill levels on live surgery at the end of training and again at the start of the surgical season this fall.
Long-Term HEAD START Training, Standard of Care
Not yet recruiting
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-05-02T11:08:21-0400
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Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.
Organization of medical and nursing care according to the degree of illness and care requirements in the hospital. The elements are intensive care, intermediate care, self-care, long-term care, and organized home care.
Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
The reallocation of beds from one type of care service to another, as in converting acute care beds to long term care beds.
Medical and skilled nursing services provided to patients who are not in an acute phase of an illness but who require a level of care higher than that provided in a long-term care setting. (JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)