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Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social communication and repetitive or stereotyped behaviors. According to the World Health Organization , the prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder is one person in 160.
Genetic and non-genetic factors would contribute to the development of autism. However, the molecular mechanisms of ASD are not clear and successful treatments are still under research. Autism Spectrum Disorder can occur due to exposure to environmental pollutants which lead to epigenetic changes like DNA methylation, acetylation and post-translational modifications. However, the role of epigenetic changes in Autism Spectrum Disorder is still debated.
Epigenetic mechanisms represent a link through which environmental factors interact with the genetic factors resulting in modification of Autism Spectrum Disorder risk through changes in gene expression. DNA methylation and histone deacetylation are two major epigenetic mechanisms that regulate the gene expression at successive stages of brain development.
Brain derived neurotrophic factor is responsible for brain development. Altered BDNF levels and expression may be closely associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder. . Glial fibrillary acidic protein is the hallmark intermediate filament protein in astrocytes, the main type of glial cells in the central nervous system. Interestingly, Glial fibrillary acidic protein is a marker of astroglial activation and the recent data indicated that Glial fibrillary acidic protein could be implicated in the pathophysiology of autism. However, the underlying mechanisms for the role of brain derived neurotrophic factor and glial fibrillary acidic protein in autism spectrum disorder are poorly understood.
Autism Spectrum Disorder
DNA methylation and Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction Analysis, Gilliam Autism Rating Scale Arabic version
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-05-16T14:38:21-0400
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Methods used for detecting the amplified DNA products from the polymerase chain reaction as they accumulate instead of at the end of the reaction.
Methods for using more than one primer set in a polymerase chain reaction to amplify more than one segment of the target DNA sequence in a single reaction.
A heat stable DNA-DIRECTED DNA POLYMERASE from the bacteria Thermus aquaticus. It is widely used for the amplification of genes through the process of POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION. EC 2.7.7.-.
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease. Included are such techniques as IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION of chromosomes for CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS; OLIGONUCLEOTIDE ARRAY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS of gene expression patterns in disease states; identification of pathogenic organisms by analysis of species specific DNA sequences; and detection of mutations with POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Autism affects half a million people in the UK. Men are affected more than women. People with autism have said that the world, to them, is a mass of people, places and events which they struggle to make sense of, and which can cause them considerable a...
The development and maintenance of an organism is orchestrated by a set of chemical reactions that switch parts of the genome off and on at strategic times and locations. Epigenetics is the study of these reactions and the factors that influence them. ...