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Hepatitis C Treatment Study in Myanmar

2017-05-18 15:23:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Hepatitis C is an important health problem in Myanmar affecting around 3% of the population. New drugs have been developed which have transformed the treatment of this disease around the world with very high success rates. Two of these drugs are now registered for use in Myanmar. In this study 200 patients with chronic hepatitis C(100 with HIV co-infection) will be assessed and started on the new treatment. We will observe them and measure treatment effectiveness and tolerability. In 24 patients extra blood samples will be taken for drug measurements to describe the effect of the drugs on patients in Myanmar in more detail.

Description

Data concerning Hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence in Myanmar is scarce. Preliminary results of a survey, conducted in 2015 in different areas in Myanmar estimated a seroprevalence of HCV of around 2.65 %, which represents 1.3 million infected patients. Genotype 6 was mostly found in the northern cities and genotype 3 in the southern and western cities of Myanmar. However, treatment options for HCV in Myanmar remain limited currently, including for patients with HIV co-infection who are generally considered high priority given their increased risk for liver disease.

New direct acting antiviral therapies which can achieve high rates of sustained virological response (SVR) (>90%), defined as complete suppression of the virus 12 weeks after completion of antiviral therapy, are becoming increasingly available worldwide.

In Myanmar, in mid-2015, the guideline for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection of the Myanmar GI and Liver Society was revised in line with the recent development of Directly Acting Antiviral (DAA) drugs. This observational study will follow the recommendations for patient care presented in this guideline. Two hundred patients with chronic hepatitis C (100 with HIV co-infection) will be recruited in this observational study of routine care with two newly available antiviral drugs (sofosbuvir+ daclatasvir) in two different groups of patients (with and without HIV coinfection) at two centres in Yangon, Myanmar. Their response to treatment will be monitored. In addition a pharmacokinetic study is planned in a subset of patients to characterise any determinants of treatment response or tolerability in patients in Myanmar. This study will be conducted in compliance with the protocol, GCP and the applicable regulatory requirements

Study Design

Conditions

Hepatitis C

Intervention

Sofosbuvir 400 mg

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Myanmar Oxford Clinical Research Unit

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-05-18T15:23:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A uridine monophosphate analog inhibitor of HEPATITIS C VIRUS (HCV) polymerase NS5B that is used as an ANTIVIRAL AGENT in the treatment of CHRONIC HEPATITIS C.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).

A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).

A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.

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