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Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-05-30T18:59:54-0400
Glutamine supplementation has beneficial effects on morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients, possibly in part through an attenuation of the proinflammatory cytokine response and...
Glutamine-induced recovery in intestinal barrier function by reducing bacterial translocation was demonstrated in previous studies. In this trial, intensive care unit patients with enteral...
Glutamine is an amino acid which is rapidly depleted in critical illness. It is used as energy by cells that line the gut, vital for immune system function, and works as an anti-oxidant. ...
Enteral administration of immune-modulating nutrients such as glutamine, omega-3 fatty acids, selenium, and antioxidants has been suggested to reduce infections and improve recovery from c...
The purpose of this study is to test the following hypotheses: 1. Enteral glutamine administration decreases in-hospital mortality in adult subjects with severe thermal burn injuri...
Hypovitaminosis C and vitamin C deficiency are very common in critically ill patients due to increased needs and decreased intake. Because vitamin C has pleiotropic functions, deficiency can aggravate...
To evaluate if institutionally established calculations for transitioning continuous IV midazolam to enteral benzodiazepines maintain Withdrawal Assessment Tool-Version 1 scores equal to or less than ...
We clarified the effects of perioperative enteral supplementation with glutamine, fiber, and oligosaccharide (GFO) after an esophagectomy on preventing surgical stress.
The incidence of vitamin D deficiency is high globally, and vitamin D supplementation draws particular attention. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of stratified vitamin D sup...
We examined the association between maternal vitamin D intake during breastfeeding with their infants' vitamin D status in infants who did or did not receive vitamin D supplements to determine whether...
A measure of the mortality and morbidity rates among patients who receive CRITICAL CARE and INTENSIVE CARE as determined from the date of hospital discharge or release.
A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
A nursing specialty that deals specifically with the care of patients who are critically ill.