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Coconut Oil: Managing Radiation-Induced Xerostomia

2017-06-05 20:08:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will seek to assess the experience of using of coconut oil as an approach to managing radiation-induced xerostomia in patients previously treated for cancer in the head and neck. There is a high prevalence of radiation-induced xerostomia in this patient population, and the condition has significant negative impact on patients' quality of life. There is currently no agreed-upon standard of care for the treatment of this condition. Anecdotal evidence from patients and both physicians and allied healthcare providers suggests improvement in this condition with the use of coconut oil, but this has not previously been formally studied. We therefore propose a case series study to formally assess the tolerability and efficacy of coconut oil as an approach to managing radiation-induced xerostomia.

Description

Xerostomia, or dry mouth, is a common complication in patients treated with radiotherapy for cancer of the head and neck, having been cited as occurring to some degree in 60- 100% of patients. Radiation, either alone or in addition to surgery, is a mainstay in the treatment of head and neck cancer. The incidence and degree of xerostomia as a side-effect is proportional to both the dosage of radiation used, and the amount of salivary gland tissue included in the radiation field. The downstream effects of xerostomia are wide-ranging, and can include difficulty chewing, swallowing, impaired phonation, altered taste sensation, dental carries, oropharyngeal candidiasis, systemic malnutrition and weight loss. Several studies have demonstrated a significant negative impact of xerostomia on patient quality of life. With cancer of the head and neck being the sixth most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide, the burden of xerostomia on both the healthcare system and patient quality of life should not be underestimated.

There is no single effective treatment for radiation-induced xerostomia. Current treatments are non-specific, and directed at alleviating symptoms. These include lifestyle modifications (such as discontinuation of smoking, dairy, and other dietary products that thicken saliva), artificial saliva preparations, and parasympathetic agents such as pilocarpine which stimulate saliva production. Artificial saliva preparations such as Biotene© oral lubricant are commonly used today. However many of these treatments have limited efficacy, are costly, and the use of pilocarpine in particular is associated with significant side-effects. Other therapies which have been studied but not definitively proven effective include acupuncture and hyperbaric oxygen. Submandibular gland transfer, first described in 2000 and subsequently demonstrated in 2001, has also been shown to be effective in preventing xerostomia, however is a highly specialized procedure which prolongs the length of surgery, with benefit in only a limited patient population. Of these potential treatments, certainly Biotene© is the most common method of alleviating xerostomia. Preliminary evidence in the form of a phase II study has demonstrated the efficacy of Biotene© in alleviating symptoms of xerostomia in patients who have undergone radiation for head and neck cancer. The use of Biotene© is common practice at our tertiary care hospital, The Ottawa Hospital (TOH) although it is not agreed upon as THE standard of care.

Coconut oil, defined by Health Canada as a natural health / food product, has been anecdotally suggested to ameliorate the symptoms of xerostomia following radiation treatment for head and neck cancer. This anecdotal evidence has been derived from discussion with both patients and healthcare providers at The Ottawa Hospital. Both patients and allied health care providers involved in the care of patients following radiation treatment for head and neck cancer have attested to the beneficial effects of coconut oil. However, the effects of coconut oil in the management of radiation-induced xerostomia in patients previously treated for cancer of the head and neck have not been formally studied.

Study Design

Conditions

Xerostomia

Intervention

Coconut Oil

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-06-05T20:08:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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A saturated 12-carbon fatty alcohol obtained from coconut oil fatty acids. It has a floral odor and is used in detergents, lubricating oils, and pharmaceuticals. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)

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