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Topical Hydrocortisone for Pain and Edema Control After Third Molar Surgery

2017-06-07 21:23:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The investigators set out to develop a clinical trial in order to test the topical use of hydrocortisone as a intraoperative irrigant solution. As this route of administration as well as being low cost and not add new steps to the surgical procedure, can contribute to an improved quality of life in the postoperative period of patients undergoing extraction of third molars.

Description

Third molars are the teeth with a higher prevalence of failure in eruption and surgery for extraction of these impacted teeth is one of the most commonly procedures performed by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. In most cases these are not traumatic procedures, however factors such as patient age, habits, degree of tooth impaction and surgeon experience can influence the surgical trauma and therefore the postoperative period could include swelling and pain of varying magnitudes which can significantly affect the patient's quality of life.

The study is designed as a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, split-mouth crossover trial. All the patients will be informed of the experimental methodology and signed a institutionally approved consent form. The study is been conducted in compliance with Declaration of Helsinki (1989), and was revised by the Institutional Ethical Committee (protocol 1.167.908).

Study Design

Conditions

Impacted Third Molar Tooth

Intervention

Hydrocortisone, Control

Location

Vitor Pereira Rodrigues
São Paulo
SP
Brazil
04105000

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Sao Paulo

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-06-07T21:23:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.

Conditions in which a bifurcation or trifurcation of the molar tooth root becomes denuded as a result of periodontal disease. It may be followed by tooth mobility, temperature sensitivity, pain, and alveolar bone resorption.

The aftermost permanent tooth on each side in the maxilla and mandible.

The pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes. It is differentiated from TOOTH ATTRITION in that this type of wearing away is the result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It differs also from TOOTH EROSION, the progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes not involving bacterial action. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p2)

The wearing away of a tooth as a result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It is chiefly associated with aging. It is differentiated from TOOTH ABRASION (the pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by friction, as brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes) and from TOOTH EROSION (the loss of substance caused by chemical action without bacterial action). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p86)

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