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The Tailored-Motivational Interviewing Project

2017-06-08 20:38:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of the Tailored Motivational Interviewing Project (TMI) is to develop an implementation intervention to increase evidence-based patient-provider communication strategies using a Motivational Interviewing (MI) framework.

Description

The goal of this implementation science study is to develop an implementation intervention to increase evidence-based patient-provider communication strategies using a Motivational Interviewing (MI) framework. Providers who demonstrate communication consistent with MI are informative, provide support and respect for the patient, and facilitate collaboration, and generally have patients who are more satisfied, more committed to treatment regimens, and have better health outcomes. MI is already embedded in the clinical guidelines for HIV care and HIV risk reduction. However, the inconsistent implementation of clinical guidelines is a constant concern. Fidelity of implementation refers to the degree to which staff members actually implement programs as intended by the developer, or how faithful they are to specification of the evidence-based practice. Several studies suggest that delivering MI with high fidelity can be difficult for many practitioners, but practitioners benefit from carefully designed, multicomponent interventions to help them understand and use evidence- based practices. These implementation interventions consist of a strategy or set of strategies to increase implementation of evidence-based practice. Thus, the primary goal of this study is to develop and pilot test a multi-level implementation intervention to increase MI fidelity and improve patient-provider communication in adolescent HIV care settings within the Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS (ATN). Leading the way in implementation science in health care is the VA's Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI), created to link research activities to clinical services in "real time" to promote the rapid uptake of best clinical practices and improvement in patient outcomes. Utilizing the QUERI model of implementation intervention development, this study will prepare for a full-scale implementation intervention trial with the following aims: 1) To develop a measure of MI fidelity to ensure methodological rigor, acceptability and feasibility of administration, and clinical usefulness (Phase 1a). This includes comparing ratings of 200 recordings of full patient-provider interactions with ratings of thin slices (recording 1 minute every 5 minutes); 2) To conduct evidence-based tailoring of MI training for adolescent HIV care settings (Phase 1b). Phase 1 also includes coding utilizing sequential analysis of the 200 recordings to identify those specific provider communication behaviors that predict subsequent youth motivational statements; 3) To collaboratively develop the implementation intervention with HIV clinic teams associated with the ATN (Phase 2). A formative evaluation will be conducted to provide local diagnostic data regarding barriers and facilitators to adoption and create development panels - local development teams made up of clinicians and administrators from the site, and study staff to address barriers and facilitators from formative evaluation and draft locally-customized clinical care and multi-level implementation strategies with initial sustainability plans; 4) To pilot test the implementation intervention and process/outcome evaluation protocols at two ATN sites (Phase 3) to prepare for a full-scale implementation trial.

Study Design

Conditions

HIV

Intervention

Motivational Interviewing

Location

University Health Center
Detroit
Michigan
United States
48201

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Wayne State University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-06-08T20:38:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.

Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.

The motivational and/or affective state resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.

Neuropeptide hormones that play a role in regulating a variety of behavioral and physiological processes in response to motivational stimuli.

Motivational state produced by inconsistencies between simultaneously held cognitions or between a cognition and behavior; e.g., smoking enjoyment and believing smoking is harmful are dissonant.

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