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This phase III trial studies how well radiation therapy with protons works compared with photons in treating patients with liver cancer. Radiation therapy, such as photon therapy, uses high energy x-rays to send the radiation inside the body to the tumor while proton therapy uses a beam of proton particles. Proton therapy can stop shortly after penetrating through the tumor and may cause less damage to the surrounding healthy organs and result in better survival in patients with liver cancer.
I. To determine if Overall Survival (OS) is different for hepatocellular carcinoma patients treated with protons compared to photons.
I. To determine the difference in Progression-Free Survival (PFS) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with protons compared to patients with HCC treated with photons.
II. To determine the difference in local progression (LP) in patients with HCC treated with protons compared to patients with HCC treated with photons.
III. To determine differences in toxicity in patients with HCC treated with protons versus photons.
IV. To determine differences in fatigue, as measured by Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Fatigue in patients with HCC treated with protons, versus photons; as well as quality-adjusted survival, if the primary endpoint is met.
V. To determine if there are correlations between the baseline values of HGF and outcomes (OS/PFS/fatigue).
I. To determine differences in overall Quality of Life, measured by FACT-Hep in patients with HCC treated with protons.
II. Biospecimen collection for future correlative science projects.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM I: Patients undergo proton therapy over 15-24 days for 5 or 15 fractions.
ARM II: Patients undergo photon therapy over 15-24 days for 5 or 15 fractions.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, and then every 6 months for 3 years.
Unrectable or Locally Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Proton Therapy (Radiation Therapy), Photon Therapy (Radiation Therapy)
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-06-15T01:23:21-0400
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