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A Communication Tool to Assist Severely Injured Older Adults

2017-06-16 01:53:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to test the effect of the "Best Case/Worse Case" (BC/WC) communication tool on the quality of communication with older patients admitted to two trauma units. The intervention was developed and tested with acute care surgical patients at the University of Wisconsin (UW) and we are now testing whether the intervention will work in a different setting. We will test the intervention with severely injured older adults at Oregon Health Sciences University (OHSU) and Parkland Memorial Hospital (PMH) at the University of Texas Southwestern (UTS). In the first year, UTS/PMH and OHSU will recruit and enroll 50 patients in the control arm (total, for both sites) and train trauma surgeons to use the best case/worst case tool. In the second year, UTS/PMH and OHSU will recruit and enroll 50 patients in the intervention arm (total, for both sites). UW will compare survey-reported and chart-derived measures before and after clinicians learn to use the best case/worst case tool.

Description

The purpose of this study is to test the effect of the "best case/worse case" communication tool on the quality of communication with older patients admitted to two trauma units and to collect feedback on the tool to help adapt it to the trauma setting. The intervention was developed and tested with acute care surgical patients at the University of Wisconsin (UW) and the present study seeks to test whether the intervention will work in a different setting.

To adapt the tool to trauma settings, we will conduct focus groups at UW Health Oregon Health Sciences University (OHSU) and Parkland Memorial Hospital (PMH) at the University of Texas-Southwestern (UT-S). Because trauma care is delivered by a multidisciplinary team, we will include attending trauma surgeons, surgical residents, ICU nurses, nurse practitioners, consulting physicians (e.g. orthopedic surgeons) and others on the trauma care team. Up to 60 trauma car providers will participate in focus groups across the three sites. We will test the intervention with severely injured older adults at OHSU and UT-S/PMH. In the first year, UT-S/PMH and OHSU will recruit and enroll 50 patients total in the control arm and train trauma surgeons to use the best case/worst case tool. In the second year, UT-S/PMH and OHSU will recruit and enroll 50 patients total in the intervention arm.

UT-S/PMH and OHSU research team members will survey family members of trauma patients to compare the quality of communication for severely injured geriatric trauma patients cared for by trauma teams. When possible, UT-S/PMH and OHSU will survey patients on their quality of life. UT-S/PMH and OHSU will survey the patient's primary nurse on the quality of communication patients and will survey patient's families about their thoughts on the quality of communication as well. UT-S/PMH and OHSU will survey trauma unit staff before and after clinicians learn to use the best case/worst case tool, to assess whether the communication intervention improves feelings of moral distress. UT-S/PMH and OHSU will use chart review to collect downstream clinical outcomes including intensity of treatment and receipt of palliative care. UT-S/PMH and OHSU will archive de-identified graphic aids used by trauma surgeons with intervention patients to explore how the intervention was enacted.

Study Design

Conditions

Communication

Intervention

Best Case/Worst Case communication tool

Location

Oregon Health Sciences University
Portland
Oregon
United States
97239-3098

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Wisconsin, Madison

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-06-16T01:53:21-0400

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