Positive Psychology Intervention for Spanish-speaking Hispanic/Latino Adults at Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

2017-07-19 10:53:22 | BioPortfolio


The largest epidemiologic study of Hispanic/Latino participants thus far, i.e., the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) documented that 80% of men and 71% of women have at least one major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. The American Heart Association emphasizes that current CVD prevention efforts are sparse and ineffectual in minority populations and acknowledges the need for new and more effective disease prevention strategies. This observational study and pilot cluster-randomized clinical trial seeks to implement and evaluate a novel 8-week Positive Psychology (PP) Intervention (compared to an attention control condition) in Hispanic/Latino adults with uncontrolled hypertension, i.e., elevated 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure, with primary interest in testing efficacy for clinically meaningful improvements in cardiovascular function.


The study features piloting of a cluster-randomized trial to determine whether a positive psychology (PP) intervention is associated with greater improvements in blood pressure compared to an attention control condition. The pilot trial additionally evaluates the efficacy of the PP intervention with respect to psychological well-being, hypertension-related health behaviors, autonomic cardiac control, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. Serum blood assays will facilitate exploration of mechanistic indicators linking psychological well-being to cardiac functioning.

Study Design


Uncontrolled Hypertension


Positive Psychological Intervention


Not yet recruiting


University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-07-19T10:53:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

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