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Soft Tissue Width and Abutment Height Influence Peri-implant Bone Resorption

2017-07-26 12:08:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this clinical and radiographic study will be to determine what influence on marginal bone loss has the thickness of soft tissues and the height of the prosthetic abutment and eventually determine which of the two factors is the most important.This research was designed as a multicentre cohort observational study. Eight clinical centers will treat patients through the placement of a single dental implant. The implants will be prosthetically loaded about 3 months after placement and periapical radiographs will be acquired at each time-point.

Description

The purpose of this clinical and radiographic study will be to determine what influence on marginal bone loss has the thickness of soft tissues and the height of the prosthetic abutment and eventually determine which of the two factors is the most important.This research was designed as a multicentre cohort observational study. Eight clinical centers will treat patients through the placement of a single dental implant. The implants will be prosthetically loaded about 3 months after placement and periapical radiographs will be acquired at each time-point.

All patients will receive antibiotic prophylaxis with 2 g of amoxicillin one hour before surgery. With the help of a dissector, a full thickness vestibular flap will be carefully arranged and the vertical thickness of soft tissues will be measured with a probe marked every 1.0 mm. If the vertical thickness of the soft tissue is 2 mm or less, the tissue will be considered thin. If the thickness of the mucosa is greater than 2 mm, it will be considered thick. After the measurement, the lingual flap will be elevated at full thickness, and the site for site placement will be prepared. The implant bed will be at least 1.5 mm from the adjacent tooth or teeth, and must be surrounded by at least 1 mm bone in both buccal and lingual directions. A 3,75 mm diameter and internal hexagonal connection implant will be placed at the level of the bone crest according to the manufacturer's recommendations. Operators will be free to choose the most suitable system length (8, 10, 11.5, 13 and 16 mm). All implants will be submerged according to a traditional two-stage protocol. After insertion, the flaps will be sutured without tension with interrupted sutures. Patients of both groups will be instructed to disinfect the site by rinsing twice daily for one week for 1 minute with 0.12% chlorhexidine. After 3 months of healing, the treated area will be reopened for connecting the healing abutments with a crestal incision that will retain the keratinized tissue; The same soft tissue measurements will be repeated as confirmation of what was done during the first surgical implant insertion phase. The implants will be considered osteointegrated successfully if they are clinically intact unless they show obvious radiotransparency and patients will not report any pain. After this step, it will be possible to divide the patients into 2 groups according to the thickness of the soft tissue: a group with thick tissue (more than 2.0 mm); Slim tissue group (less than 2.0 mm). The height of the titanium individualized implant prosthesis will be chosen according to the aesthetic requirements and the correct emergency profile, and in any case will be greater than 2 mm whenever possible. In cases where it is not possible to obtain an acceptable crown emergency profile, implant prostheses of less than 2 mm in height will be used. This will result in the formation of 4 different subgroups: a group with thick tissue and high prosthetic abutment; A group with thick tissue and low prosthetic stump; a group with thin tissue and high prosthetic abutment; a group with thin tissue and low prosthetic abutment.

All the implants will be rehabilitated by the dentist with screwed restorations. After prosthetic treatment, patients will receive oral hygiene instructions and will be monitored through calls to ensure periodontal health throughout the study period.

Study Design

Conditions

Alveolar Bone Loss

Intervention

implant insertion, operculectomy, prosthetic rehabilitation

Location

Piezosurgery Academy
Parma
PR
Italy
43100

Status

Recruiting

Source

International Piezosurgery Academy

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-07-26T12:08:21-0400

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Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.

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