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Operative Duration as a Predictor of Mortality in Pediatric Emergency Surgery

2017-09-04 22:02:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Introduction Operative duration is an important but under-studied predictor of mortality in emergency laparotomies.

Aims & Objectives The objective of this study was to quantify the effect of duration of emergency laparotomy in children on mortality and to identify a rough cut-off duration of laparotomy to serve as a guide to plan the laparotomy to optimize pediatric surgical patient outcome.

Description

Operative duration has been found to affect post-operative mortality rates. Operative duration has been studied in various studies as a risk factor for predicting morbidity and several other post-operative complications like pneumonia. However, the direct effect of operative duration on mortality has been studied sparingly and that too mainly in elective setting and other authors. Thus, operative duration is an under-studied risk factor in predicting mortality in emergency laparotomies. No study was found during literature review which predicted mortality as a function of operative duration in emergency laparotomies. Most studies focused on pre-operative factors and post-operative management for predicting laparotomy outcomes like the use of POSSUM (Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enumeration of Mortality and morbidity) score. Thus, no clear-cut recommendation exists regarding the optimal time duration for an emergency laparotomy in pediatric population beyond which a laparotomy must not proceed as it would significantly increase the mortality rate.

The primary objectives of the study were to quantify the effect of duration of emergency laparotomy in children on mortality and to identify a rough cut-off duration of laparotomy to serve as a guide so that such a laparotomy can be planned to optimize pediatric surgical patient out come in terms of decreased mortality. The secondary objectives included identifying factors that increase the time of emergency laparotomy and identifying measures that could be applied to reduce the time of laparotomy significantly and improve outcome.

Study Design

Conditions

Mortality

Intervention

Emergency laparotomy

Status

Completed

Source

Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-09-04T22:02:12-0400

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