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Introduction Operative duration is an important but under-studied predictor of mortality in emergency laparotomies.
Aims & Objectives The objective of this study was to quantify the effect of duration of emergency laparotomy in children on mortality and to identify a rough cut-off duration of laparotomy to serve as a guide to plan the laparotomy to optimize pediatric surgical patient outcome.
Operative duration has been found to affect post-operative mortality rates. Operative duration has been studied in various studies as a risk factor for predicting morbidity and several other post-operative complications like pneumonia. However, the direct effect of operative duration on mortality has been studied sparingly and that too mainly in elective setting and other authors. Thus, operative duration is an under-studied risk factor in predicting mortality in emergency laparotomies. No study was found during literature review which predicted mortality as a function of operative duration in emergency laparotomies. Most studies focused on pre-operative factors and post-operative management for predicting laparotomy outcomes like the use of POSSUM (Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enumeration of Mortality and morbidity) score. Thus, no clear-cut recommendation exists regarding the optimal time duration for an emergency laparotomy in pediatric population beyond which a laparotomy must not proceed as it would significantly increase the mortality rate.
The primary objectives of the study were to quantify the effect of duration of emergency laparotomy in children on mortality and to identify a rough cut-off duration of laparotomy to serve as a guide so that such a laparotomy can be planned to optimize pediatric surgical patient out come in terms of decreased mortality. The secondary objectives included identifying factors that increase the time of emergency laparotomy and identifying measures that could be applied to reduce the time of laparotomy significantly and improve outcome.
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-09-04T22:02:12-0400
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Branch of EMERGENCY MEDICINE dealing with the emergency care of children.
Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
The mobilization of EMERGENCY CARE to the locations and people that need them.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
A way of providing emergency medical care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise in EMERGENCY MEDICINE. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...